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Facts- 5th August

1. India’s first earthquake early warning system launched

  • Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (abbreviated IIT Roorkee or IITR) is a public technical and research university located in Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India, headed by Director Ajit Kumar Chaturvedi. It was formerly known as University of Roorkee (1949–2001) and Thomason College of Civil Engineering (1847–1949). Established in 1847 in British India by the then lieutenant governor, Sir James Thomason, it is the oldest technical institution in Asia. It was given university status in 1949 and was converted into an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in 2001, thus becoming the seventh IIT to be declared.

2. Events being organised in 75 cities to honour the courage of bravehearts

  • The events are being organised at different locations across the country in the run up to Independence Day 2021 from tomorrow till 14th of this month. To enable greater reach of the celebrations, the Gallantry Awards Portal (www.gallantryawards.gov.in) will webcast the events live.

3. Maldives style water villas soon in Lakshadweep

  • Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is a small archipelagic state in Indian Subcontinent situated in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 700 kilometres from the Asian continent’s mainland.
  • Capital: Malé
  • Currency: Maldivian rufiyaa
  • President: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih

4. PM Modi to preside over high-level virtual open debate of UNSC

  • The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with ensuring international peace and security, recommending the admission of new UN members to the General Assembly, and approving any changes to the UN Charter.
  • Headquarters: New York, United States
  • Founded: 24 October 1945

5. U.S. approves potential sale of howitzers to Taiwan

  • A howitzer is generally a large ranged weapon that stands between an artillery gun – which has smaller, higher-velocity shells fired at flatter trajectories – and a mortar – which fires at higher angles of ascent and descent. Howitzers, like other artillery equipment, are usually organized in a group called a battery.

Taiwan

  • Capital: Taipei City
  • President: Tsai Ing-wen
  • Currency: New Taiwan dollar
  • Official language: Mandarin Chinese

6. Coral-damaging sunscreens banned in marine parks

  • Similar bans have been introduced by the Pacific Island of Palau and the US state of Hawaii. This is the latest attempt by the Thai government to protect its coral from the tourism industry.

Thailand

  • Capital: Bangkok Trending
  • Currency: Thai baht
  • Prime Minister: Prayut Chan-o-cha

7. India, World Bank sign $250 mn project for making dams safe

  • India ranks third globally with 5334 large dams in operation and about 411 are under construction. In addition, there are several thousand smaller dams. These dams are vital for ensuring the water security of the Country; and these also constitute a major responsibility in terms of asset management and safety. In April 2012, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation through Central Water Commission with an objective to improve safety and operational performance of selected dams, along with institutional strengthening with system wide management approach, embarked upon the six year Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) with World Bank assistance at a cost of INR 2100 Crore (US$M 437.5).

World Bank

  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
  • President: David Malpass
  • Founded: July 1944, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States

8. India wins bronze medal in men’s hockey in Tokyo Olympics

  • Eight time Olympic Hockey champion India won medal at the Games after 1980. Overall, this is 12th medal in hockey and third bronze for India in Olympics.
  • Field hockey was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men’s competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • For a long time, India dominated the Olympics, winning the men’s gold medal in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964. Later, Pakistan was also dominant, winning three gold and three silver medals between 1956 and 1984. India lost their dominance after the 1980s and Pakistan after the 1990s. India won their last gold medal in 1980 and Pakistan in 1984 Games.

9. Wrestler Ravi Kumar Dahiya bags 2nd silver medal for India

  • Since the Olympic Games began in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women’s competition was introduced in 2004.

10. Balakot Air Strike by Manan Bhatt

  • On February 26, 2019, Indian Air Force fighter jets crossed the Line of Control and destroyed terror launch pads in Balakot in Pakistan.
  • The strikes were undertaken days after 40 Central Reserve Police Force personnel were killed in a terror attack in Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir on February 14.
  • According to the publisher, the book, “a racy thriller” with “adrenalin-pushing action”, would make readers’ patriotism brim over, while filling them with a sense of gratitude and pride towards the armed forces.