Home » Facts- 27th June

Facts- 27th June

1. India taking all legal steps to protect its interest in Cairn Energy case: Centre

  • In 2006-2007, after Cairn UK transferred shares of Cairn India Holdings to its Indian counterpart Cairn India, it refused to pay capital gains tax in India. In response, the Indian government in 2012 made any capital gains resulting for the transfer of shares from a foreign entity whose assets were located in Indian taxable from 1962 retrospectively.
  • In December 2020, the Permanent court of Arbitration at the Hague, awarded Cairn Energy $1.7bn in costs and damages, and in July 2021, a French court ordered a freeze on Indian Government properties in Paris and gave Cairn Energy the right to seize aircraft belonging to Air India.

2. UNESCO names Harappan city of Dholavira in Gujarat as world heritage site

  • Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in the state of Gujarat in western India, which has taken its name from a modern-day village 1 kilometre south of it. This village is 165 km from Radhanpur.


  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Head: Director-General; Audrey Azoulay
  • Founded: 16 November 1945, London, United Kingdom

3. Parliament passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill, 2021

  • Ministers responsible:    

Sarbananda Sonowal, Cabinet Minister

Shripad Yesso Naik, Minister of State

Shantanu Thakur, Minister of State

  • 2020: On 8 November, “Ministry of Shipping” was renamed as “Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways”.

4. Garima Grihas for Transgender Persons

Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

  • The Ministry of Welfare adopted the name Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in May 1998. In October 1999, the Tribal Development Division left the ministry to become its own ministry, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. In January 2007, the Minorities Division and the Wakf Unit were moved out of the ministry to form the Ministry of Minority Affairs and the Child Development Division left the ministry to form the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Ministers responsible:

Virendra Kumar Khatik, Cabinet Minister

Ramdas Athawale, Minister of State

Pratima Bhowmik, Minister of State

A. Narayanaswamy, Minister of State

5. INDRA 2021: India-Russia to hold joint military exercise in Volgograd in August

  • INDRA is a joint, biennial military exercise conducted by India and Russia starting in 2003. The exercise is tasked with boosting cooperation and interoperability between the Russian and Indian navies. The word INDRA is a portmanteau of the participants’ respective countries. The exercise involves live firing drills, as well as air defence and anti-submarine operations. Additionally, counterpiracy, terrorism and drug smuggling operations are carried out.
  • The 11th edition took place in the Bay of Bengal in September 2020.

6. US combat forces to leave Iraq by year’s end

  • There are currently 2,500 US troops in Iraq. US-led forces invaded Iraq in 2003 to overthrow President Saddam Hussein and eliminate weapons of mass destruction that turned out not to exist. US combat troops eventually withdrew in 2011. However, they returned at the request of the Iraqi government three years later, when ISIS group overran large parts of the country.


  • Prime minister: Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
  • Capital: Baghdad
  • Currency: Iraqi dinar
  • President: Barham Salih
  • Official languages: Kurdish, Modern Standard Arabic

7. Sunseap set to build world’s biggest floating solar farm in Indonesia


  • Sunseap Group is the largest and most established clean energy solutions provider in Singapore, with regional operations in South East Asia Pacific. We currently have a portfolio of pipeline and completed projects that is close to 2 GigaWatt-peak (GWp) of solar projects in Singapore and around the South East Asia and Pacific region.


  • President: Joko Widodo
  • Capital: Jakarta
  • Currency: Indonesian rupiah

8. Myanmar junta cancels results of 2020 election won by Suu Kyi’s party

  • The move comes almost six months after military junta deposed the Nobel laureate in a coup. Suu Kyi has been detained since the coup. Myanmar has been in chaos since the military’s power grab, with more than 900 killed in a crackdown on dissent.
  • Capital: Naypyitaw
  • Currency: Myanmar kyat
  • Official language: Burmese

9. Indian Navy participates in maritime exercise Cutlass Express 2021

  • The 2021 edition of the exercise involves the participation of 12 Eastern African countries, US, UK, India and various international organizations, like International Maritime Organization (IMO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Interpol, European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR), Critical Maritime Routes Indian Ocean (CRIMARIO) and EUCAP Somalia.

10. CRPF Raising Day: 27th July

  • CRPF is India’s largest Central Armed Police Force, which operates under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). Headquartered in New Delhi, CRPF came into existence as the ‘Crown Representative’s Police’ on 27 July 1939.
  • After Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on the enactment of the ‘CRPF Act’ on 28 December 1949, which constituted CRPF as an armed force of the Union.
  • The CRPF Rules as envisaged in CRPF Act were framed in 1955 and V.G. Kanetkar became the first Director-General of CRPF.