Home » Facts- 22nd June

Facts- 22nd June

1. ARDE, Pune Develops Canopy Severance System for Fighter Aircraft

  • CSS has two independent sub-systems. The first one is the In-flight Egress System (IES) for in-flight emergencies, which is integrated with the seat ejection operation and the second one is the Ground Egress System (GES) for on-ground emergencies, which is independent of seat ejection. CSS works on the principle of controlled propagation of detonation using explosive mechanical energy. It consists of critical mechanical and explosive components qualified to military-grade requirements and demonstrating high reliability.


  • Headquarter location: Pune
  • Established: 1958
  • Director: Dr. V Venkateswara Rao


  • High Energy Materials Research Laboratory is a laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation. Located in Pune, its main function is the research and development of technologies and products in the area of High Energy Materials and Explosive materials.
  • Director: K P S Murthy
  • Founded: 1960

2. Smriti Irani and Sanjay Dhotre inaugurate Toycathon 2021 grand finale

  • 85 per cent toys that children are playing with are imported and are predominantly made of plastic. Drawing inspiration from Prime Minister’s global commitment for sustainable development, the Minister invited research bodies and toy manufacturers to make sustainable toys.
  • India, despite being a home of many globally popular games like Chess, Ludo, Snakes and Ladders, is not among leading developers and manufacturers of toys.
  • Under the ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ initiated by our Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri. Narendra Modi, Toycathon-2021 is conceived to challenge India’s innovative minds to conceptualize novel Toy and Games based on Bharatiya civilization, history, culture, mythology and ethos.

3. Government aims to tighten rules for e-Commerce

  • It has been proposed to put in place a framework for registration of every e-commerce entity with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade for allotment of registration number. This registration number will be displayed prominently on the website as well as the invoice of every order.
  • The government has also proposed prohibiting mis-selling, in which entities sell goods or services by misrepresenting information. To ensure that consumers are aware about the expiry date of the products they are buying on the e-commerce platform, all sellers will have to mention ‘best before or use before date’ to enable consumers to make an informed purchase decision.

4. X-Press Pearl fire: Turtle carcasses wash ashore in Sri Lanka

  • The sea off Sri Lanka and its coastline are home to five species of turtles that regularly come to lay eggs. March to June is the peak season for turtle arrivals.
  • Lalith Ekanayake, a marine and coastal ecologist, suspects, based on the nature of the fire and amount of chemicals, that “at least 400 turtles may have died and their carcasses may have sunk in the sea or drifted to the deep sea”.
  • Sri Lanka plans to claim compensation from X-Press Feeders, the ship’s owner, and already have submitted an interim claim of USD 40 million.
  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
  • President: Gotabaya Rajapaksa
  • Currency: Sri Lankan rupee

5. UNESCO: Great Barrier Reef should be listed as ‘in danger’

  • The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia.
  • The reef, stretching for 2,300km off Australia’s north-east coast, gained World Heritage ranking in 1981 for its enormous scientific and intrinsic importance.
  • Prime minister: Scott Morrison
  • Capital: Canberra
  • Currency: Australian dollar


  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Head: Director-General; Audrey Azoulay
  • Founded: 16 November 1945, London, United Kingdom

6. Iran’s Raisi backs nuclear talks, rules out meeting Biden

  • Supreme leader: Ali Khamenei
  • Capital: Tehran
  • President: Hassan Rouhani
  • Currency: Iranian rial

7. UK joins US, EU, Canada in fresh sanctions on Belarus


  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Currency: Canadian dollar
  • Prime minister: Justin Trudeau


  • Capital: London
  • Prime minister: Boris Johnson
  • Currency: Pound sterling


  • Capital: Minsk
  • Currency: Belarusian ruble
  • President: Alexander Lukashenko

8. EU, UK slap new sanctions on Myanmar individuals, entities related to coup


  • The European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
  • Headquarters location: Brussels, Belgium
  • Founded: 1 November 1993, Maastricht, Netherlands


  • Capital: Naypyitaw
  • Currency: Myanmar kyat
  • Official language: Burmese

9. Deepak Punia – Ranked No. 2 by United World Wrestling for Tokyo

  • In order to earn some quick money to fund his career, Deepak started participating in local competitions after watching his cousin Sunil Kumar, who happened to be a well-known name in the dangal circuit. It was in 2015 that Deepak was taken to the Chhatrasal Stadium for formal training by his cousin.
  • United World Wrestling is the international governing body for the sport of amateur wrestling; its duties include overseeing wrestling at the Olympics.
  • Headquarters: Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland
  • President: Nenad Lalović
  • Founded: 1912

10. CEU awards its highest honour, the Open Society Prize, to K.K. Shailaja

  • The CEU Open Society Prize is awarded annually to an outstanding individual or organization whose achievements have contributed substantially to the creation of an open society. The prize was first awarded in 1994, to philosopher Sir Karl Popper, whose book The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945) presented a philosophy of tolerance, openness and democratic values.


  • Central European University is a private research university accredited in Austria, Hungary, and the United States, with campuses in Vienna and Budapest. The university is known for its strength in the social sciences and humanities, low student-faculty ratio, and international student body.
  • Founder: George Soros
  • Founded: 1991