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Facts- 20th July

1. Prasar Bharati and IIT Kanpur to collaborate on NextGen Broadcasting Technology

The following research projects will be taken up by IIT Kanpur in these three areas leveraging funding provided by Prasar Bharati :

  • Next Generation Broadcast Technology Trial (Direct to Mobile Broadcasting, Convergence with 5G)
  • Automatic Speech Recognition for Speech Subtitling (Making Broadcast Content in various Indian Languages Accessible)
  • Archival Content Retrieval through Audio and Text Query

Prasar Bharti

  • Prasar Bharati, is India’s largest public broadcasting agency, headquartered in New Delhi. It is a statutory autonomous body set up by an Act of Parliament and comprises the Doordarshan Television Network and All India Radio, which were earlier media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • CEO: Shashi Shekhar Vempati
  • Founded: 23 November 1997, New Delhi

2. Blue Origin Jeff Bezos launch on New Shepard

  • Blue Origin, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and sub-orbital spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington.
  • Owner: Jeff Bezos
  • Founder: Jeff Bezos
  • Founded: 8 September 2000, Kent, Washington, United States

3. DRDO indigenously develops high strength beta titanium alloy on industrial scale


  • Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory is a research laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation. Located in Defence Research Complex, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad. It is responsible for the development and manufacture of complex metals and materials required for modern warfare and weapon systems.
  • Founded: 1963


  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation is the premier agency under the Department of Defence Research and Development in Ministry of Defence of the Government of India, charged with the military’s research and development, headquartered in Delhi, India.
  • Founded: 1958
  • Headquarters: DRDO Bhavan, New Delhi

4. NEA Scout


  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research. NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
  • Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower

5. Perumkulam is Kerala’s first ‘Book Village’

  • The library also delivers books to homes. Legendary Malayalam writer M.T. Vasudevan Nair, hailed it as the ‘Book village’. Following this, State Library Council reported its unique feat to the Chief Minister, and he officially conferred the title of ‘Book village’ to Perumkulam on this year’s Reading Day.
  • The initiative of distributing books at houses helped several people- not just to increase knowledge, but also to fight the pandemic blues! A team has been deployed to distribute books by adhering to COVID norms. Eminent author M. Mukundan serves as the library’s patron.

6. Govt to set up Indian Institute of Heritage in Noida

  • It is being set up as deemed to be a university by integrating Institute of Archaeology (Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology), School of Archival Studies under National Archives of India, New Delhi, the National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property (NRLC), Lucknow, National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology (NMICHM) and Academic Wing of Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi.

Ministry of Culture

  • Ministers responsible: G. Kishan Reddy, Cabinet Minister; Meenakshi Lekhi, Minister of State

7. China reports first human death caused by `Monkey B Virus`

  • First identified in 1932, the virus is learnt to have infected only 50 people till 2020, of which 21 died.
  • The virus, initially isolated in 1932, is an alphaherpesvirus enzootic in macaques of the genus Macaca. B virus is the only identified old-world-monkey herpesvirus that displays severe pathogenicity in humans.
  • The infection can be transmitted via direct contact and exchange of bodily secretions of monkeys and has a fatality rate of 70 per cent to 80 per cent.

8. Russia to hold military drills near Afghan border in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan


  • President: Vladimir Putin
  • Capital: Moscow
  • Currency: Russian Ruble


  • Capital: Dushanbe
  • Currency: Tajikistani somoni
  • President: Emomali Rahmon
  • Official language: Tajiki


  • Capital: Tashkent
  • Currency: Uzbekistani soʻm
  • President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev
  • Official language: Uzbek

9. Sarang helicopter team to perform in Russian air show

  • The Sarang Team was formed in 2003 at Bangalore and its first international display was at the Asian Aerospace Airshow at Singapore in 2004. Since then, Sarang has represented Indian aviation at air shows and ceremonial occasions in UAE, Germany, UK, Bahrain, Mauritius and Sri Lanka till date.

10. Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus to receive Olympic Laurel

  • The Olympic Laurel is a distinction awarded by the International Olympic Committee to honour those who have “made significant achievements in education, culture, development and peace through sport”.
  • It was introduced in 2016 to implement part of recommendation 26 of Olympic Agenda 2020, and will be presented during the opening ceremony of each Olympic Games.
  • The first ever Olympic Laurel was awarded to the Kenyan Olympian and social changemaker Kip Keino on 5 August 2016, during the Opening Ceremony of the Games of the XXXI Olympiad in Rio de Janeiro.
  • Presented by: International Olympic Committee

11. Space Exploration Day: 20th July

  • NASA’s Apollo program, Apollo 11 was the fifth manned mission launched from Florida on June 16 and returned to earth on 24th July 1969. The purpose carried three astronauts, and they were Armstrong, Aldrin, and Michael Collins. It was on July 20 when they marked the day by stepping on the moon. The mission was from July 16-24 and in order to celebrate the nine-day Apollo 11 Moon Mission; Space Exploration Day was started to be observed.