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Facts-18th June

1. ‘Lambda’, the New COVID-19 Variant Found in 29 Countries

  • The WHO has categorized COVID-19 variants in two broad categories — Variant of interest and variants of concern. The virus strains marked under the ‘concern’ list have the potential to cause epidemiological problems whereas the others do not have that capacity yet. After categorization in the variant of interest, the WHO will closely monitor Lambda in terms of transmissibility and resistance to neutralizing antibodies. WHO then will take a call whether it should be moved to the variant of concern list or not.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 7 April 1948
  • Director General WHO: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

2. Indian Navy pilots awarded prestigious “Wings” at passing out parade

  • A total of 752 pilots of the Indian Navy, Coast Guard as well as from friendly foreign nations have undergone training at the Helicopter Training School, Rajali.
  • Vice Chief of the Naval Staff (VCNS): Vice Admiral G. Ashok Kumar, AVSM, VSM
  • Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (DCNS): Vice Admiral Ravneet Singh, AVSM, NM
  • Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS): Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM
  • Commander-in-Chief: President Ram Nath Kovind
  • Navy Day in India is celebrated on 4 December every year.

3. Plan to restructure OFB into seven entities gets approval

  • Ordnance Factory Board consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories is a Government agency under the control of department of defence production Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
  • Headquarters: Kolkata
  • Founded: 1712
  • C S Vishwakarma (Director General Ordnance Factories & Chairman, OFB)

4. IN-EUNAVFOR Joint Naval Exercise in Gulf of Aden

  • EUNAVFOR was formed in 2008 to establish the executive EU military maritime operation for Somalia – Op ATLANTA to counter acts of piracy and armed robbery off the Somali Coast.

World Food Programme (WFO)

  • Headquarters: Rome, Italy
  • Founded: 1961

5.  Nestle and Cargill win child slavery case at Supreme Court (US)

  • About 70% of the world’s cocoa is produced in West Africa, and much of this is exported to America.
  • It’s estimated that 1.56m children work on cocoa farms in Ivory Coast and Ghana, according to a report published by the US Department of Labor last year.

US Supreme Court

  • Founded: 4 March 1789
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States

6. IMD World Competitive Index 2021

  • The IMD World Competitiveness Ranking ranks 64 economies and assesses the extent to which a country promotes the prosperity of its people by measuring economic well-being through hard data and survey responses from executives. This year, the rankings expose the economic impact of the pandemic across the globe.
  • International Institute for Management Development is a business education school located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • Founded: January 1990

7. Montek Ahluwalia named member of World Bank-IMF High-Level Advisory Group

IMF

  • Managing Director: Kristalina Georgieva
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., U.S
  • Chief Economist: Gita Gopinath

World Bank

  • President: David Malpass
  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States

8. British lawyer Karim Khan sworn in as ICC’s chief prosecutor

  • The International Criminal Court (ICC) was created on 1 July 2002. The ICC is different from the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The main difference is that ICJ settles arguments between countries, but the ICC punishes people.

ICC

  • Founded: 1 July 2002, Rome, Italy
  • Member states: 123

9. PUMA signs Yuvraj Singh as brand ambassador of PUMA Motorsport in India

  • Puma SE, branded as Puma, is a German multinational corporation that designs and manufactures athletic and casual footwear, apparel and accessories, which is headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany. Puma is the third largest sportswear manufacturer in the world.
  • Founder: Rudolf Dassler
  • Founded: 1948, Herzogenaurach, Germany (Headquarter)

10. Sustainable Gastronomy Day: 18th June

  • The UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2016 its resolution designated 18 June as an international observance, Sustainable Gastronomy Day.

UNGA

  • President: Abdulla Shahid
  • Headquarters: New York, United States