Home » Facts- 18th August

Facts- 18th August

1. India, Brazil, Russia, S Africa to study intersection of Covid, TB

  • Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa currently rank 2nd to 5th in the number of cases of COVID-19 and belong to 24 countries recognized by World Health Organisation with the highest burden of tuberculosis in the world. Moreover, BRICS countries have the largest number of cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Hence the research will be conducted in these four BRICS countries where one of the highest-burden rates of both COVID-19 and tuberculosis has been recorded simultaneously.

2. Honeywell sets up AI lab at IIT Hyderabad

  • Honeywell International Inc. is an American publicly traded, multinational conglomerate headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. It primarily operates in four areas of business: aerospace, building technologies, performance materials and technologies, and safety and productivity solutions.
  • Headquarters: Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
  • CEO: Darius Adamczyk
  • Founder: Mark C. Honeywell
  • Founded: 1906, Wabash, Indiana, United States

3. Cabinet approves Disaster Management MoU between India and Bangladesh

  • The MoU envisages that India and Bangladesh will extend mutual support to each other at the time of large-scale disaster in the field of relief, response, reconstruction and recovery.
  • Both the countries will also exchange relevant information, remote sensing and other scientific data. They will also share best practices in the field of disaster response, recovery, mitigation, capacity building for ensuring resilience, etc.

4. SC passes interim order allowing women to sit for NDA examination

  • The National Defence Academy (NDA) is the joint defence service training institute of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets of the three services i.e. the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force train together before they go on to respective service academy for further pre-commission training. The NDA is located in Khadakwasla, Pune, Maharashtra. It is the first tri-service academy in the world.
  • Motto: sēvā paramō dharma
  • Motto in English: Service Before Self
  • Established: 7 December 1954

5. UAE says hosting Afghan President on ‘humanitarian grounds’

  • Capital: Abu Dhabi
  • Currency: United Arab Emirates dirham
  • President: Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • This would not be the first time that the oil-rich Gulf country opens its arms to former leaders and their relatives, now persona non grata in their country.

6. Taliban co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar returns to Afghanistan from Qatar

  • Meanwhile, the US State Department has reportedly issued a notice to American nationals waiting to be evacuated from Afghanistan to reach Kabul airport.
  • In a related development, the United Kingdom Government has promised that it will allow thousands of Afghan refugees to settle in the country.
  • UK Home Office said that up to 20,000 Afghans will be offered a route to set up home in the country in the coming years.
  • In the first year, 5,000 refugees will be eligible to settle in the UK.

7. UNHRC to hold Special Session next week on Afghanistan’s situation

  • The United Nations Human Rights Council is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. The Council has 47 members elected for staggered three-year terms on a regional group basis. The headquarters of the Council is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • President: Choi Kyong-lim
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 15 March 2006

8. India, Vietnam undertake bilateral maritime exercise in South China Sea

Vietnam

  • Capital: Hanoi
  • Currency: Vietnamese dong
  • President: Nguyen Xuan Phuc

9. Odisha Govt extends its sponsorship of Indian National hockey teams by another 10 years

  • Governor: Ganeshi Lal
  • Capital: Bhubaneswar
  • Chief minister: Naveen Patnaik

10. Maki Kaji, ‘godfather of sudoku’, dies aged 69 in Japan

  • Sudoku is a logic-based, combinatorial number-placement puzzle. In classic sudoku, the objective is to fill a 9×9 grid with digits so that each column, each row, and each of the nine 3×3 subgrids that compose the grid contains all of the digits from 1 to 9.