1. IIT-B, Kasturba researchers develop quick test to predict high-risk severe Covid patients
- Indian Institute of Technology Bombay is a public technical and research university located in Powai in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. IIT Bombay was founded in 1958. In 1961, the Parliament decreed IITs as Institutes of National Importance.
- Motto: ज्ञानम् परमम् ध्येयम्
- Motto in English: Knowledge is the Supreme Goal
2. Chandrayaan-2 orbiter detects water molecules on lunar surface
- Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation, after Chandrayaan-1. It consists of a lunar orbiter, and also included the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan lunar rover, all of which were developed in India.
- Launch date: 22 July 2019
- Rocket: GSLV Mark III M1
3. Indian Coast Guard Hoists National Flag At 100 Islands To Commemorate 75th Independence Day
- The Indian Coast Guard is a maritime law enforcement and search and rescue agency of India with jurisdiction over its territorial waters including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone. The Indian Coast Guard was formally established on 1 February 1977 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Parliament of India.
- Headquarters: Ministry of Defence, New Delhi
- Director General: Krishnaswamy Natarajan
4. Nation celebrates 75th Independence Day with patriotic fervor
- The Prime Minister said, we have pledged to celebrate Amrit Mahotsav, till 15 August 2023. He said, 75 Vande Bharat trains will connect every corner of India in 75 weeks of Amrit Mahotsav of Independence.
- He said, India is going to launch Pradhan Mantri Gatishakti National Master Plan.
- The Prime Minister said, India is the only nation that is on the path of meeting its climate goals.
- Saying Green Hydrogen is the future of the world, the Prime Minister announced the setting up of the National Hydrogen Mission with the aim of becoming the new global hub of Green Hydrogen and also its largest exporter.
5. PM introduces policy aimed at phasing out old and unfit vehicles
- Capital: Gandhinagar
- Governor: Acharya Devvrat
- Chief minister: Vijay Rupani
6. Four more Indian sites added to Ramsar list
- The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed in 1971.
- Signed: 2 February 1971
- Effective: 21 December 1975
- Languages: English, French, Spanish, and Persian
7. United Nations urges Afghanistan’s neighbours to keep their borders open for civilians fleeing Taliban onslaught
- The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
- Headquarters: New York, United States
- Founded: 24 October 1945, San Francisco, California, United States
- Secretary general: António Guterres
8. Navies of 21 countries kick off US-led drills in Southeast Asia
- SEACAT began in 2002 as “Southeast Asia Cooperation Against Terrorism”.
- The exercises were launched in the wake of the September 2001 attacks in the US and renamed in 2012 to focus on advancing training among regional navies and coastguards in South and Southeast Asia to manage challenges, including piracy and smuggling.
- Several international and non-governmental organisations are also taking part in drills this year.
- They include the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), EU Critical Maritime Route Wider Indian Ocean (CRIMARIO), and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
9. Indian Bank signs MoU with Paralympic Committee to support athletes
- Indian Bank is an Indian nationalised financial services and banking company. It is under the ownership of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India, established in 1907 and headquartered in Chennai, India.
- CEO: Padmaja Chunduru
10. Komalika Bari becomes new under-21 recurve world champion at Youth World Championships
- The World Youth Archery Championships, an international competition in archery, have been held in alternate years since 1991 each time in a different host city. There are events in cadet and junior categories using the recurve and compound bows.
11. Charanjit Singh to be conferred President’s Home Guards & Civil Defence Medal for his distinguished service
- As many as 58 personnel have also been awarded Home Guard & Civil Defence Medals on the occasion of the Republic Day this year. Of these, President’s HG & CD Medal for Distinguished Service have been awarded to eight personnel and HG & CD Medal for Meritorious Service to 50 personnel.
12. President approves 144 Gallantry awards to Armed Forces, police & paramilitary personnel
- Post-independence, first three gallantry awards namely Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra and Vir Chakra were instituted by the Government of India on 26th January, 1950 which were deemed to have effect from the 15th August, 1947.
- Thereafter, other three gallantry awards i.e., Ashoka Chakra Class-I, Ashoka Chakra Class-II and Ashoka Chakra Class-III were instituted by the Government of India on 4th January, 1952, which were deemed to have effect from the 15th August, 1947. These awards were renamed as Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra respectively in January, 1967.
13. World Organ Donation Day: 13th August
- The first-ever organ donation was done in 1954 when Ronald Lee Herrick donated a kidney to his identical twin brother. Doctor Joseph Murray conducted the procedure for which he has also won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1990 for advances in organ transplantation.
- In 2015, a newborn baby became the youngest ever organ donor after he donated his kidneys to an adult with renal failure. The boy just lived for just 100 minutes after being born.