Home » Facts- 12th July

Facts- 12th July

1. Indian-American astronaut Sirisha Bandla returns from her maiden space flight

  • They reached an altitude of about 88 kilometres over the New Mexico desert – enough to see the curvature of the Earth. The crew experienced a few minutes of weightlessness before making a gliding descent back to Earth.
  • Virgin Galactic – the business Branson started in 2004 – aims to fly private citizens to the edge of space. The trips are designed to permit passengers to experience three to four minutes of weightlessness and observe the curvature of Earth.
  • Taking off on the VSS Unity spaceship from New Mexico and reaching an altitude of 85 km from Earth before returning, such a trip is called a suborbital flight.

2. RBI offers hassle-free trading in govt bonds for retail investors

  • The RDG account can be opened singly or jointly with another retail investor who meets the eligibility criteria. The RBI has said, the date of commencement of the scheme will be announced later.


  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Founded: 1 April 1935, Kolkata
  • Governor: Shaktikanta Das

3. APEDA signs MoU with NAFED to help exporters, cooperatives


  • National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd. was established on the auspicious day of Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October 1958.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi 


  • The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985. The Act (2 of 1986) came into effect from 13th February, 1986 by a notification issued in the Gazette.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi

4. India and Nepal sign MoU on 679 MW Arun Hydro Electric Project to SJVN

  • The Ministry of Power in a statement said that the Lower Arun Hydro Electric Project is located in Sankhuwasabha and Bhojpur Districts of Nepal. The project will not have any reservoir or dam and will be a tail race development of 900 MW Arun-3 HEP. The project will have four francis type turbines. On completion, the Project will generate 2,970 million units of electricity per annum.
  • It is scheduled to be completed in four years after commencement of construction activities and has been allocated to SJVN for 25 years on Build Own-Operate-Transfer basis. This is the second project awarded to SJVN in Nepal, the first one being the 900 MW Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project in Sankhuwasabha District.

5. ICCR and Delhi University signed MoU to set up Bangabandhu Chair

  • The Chair will focus on the common heritage of the two countries and subjects like Anthropology, Buddhist Studies, Geography, History, Modern Indian languages including Bangla, Music, Fine Arts, Political Science, International relations and Sociology.


  • The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) was founded in 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, independent India’s first Education Minister. Its objectives are to actively participate in the formulation and implementation of policies and programmes pertaining to India’s external cultural relations; to foster and strengthen cultural relations and mutual understanding between India and other countries; to promote cultural exchanges with other countries and people, and to develop relations with nations.


  • The University of Delhi, informally known as Delhi University, is a collegiate public central university located in New Delhi, India. It was founded in 1922 by an Act of the Central Legislative Assembly and is recognized as an Institute of Eminence by the University Grants Commission.
  • The Vice President of India serves as the University chancellor.

6. KVIC Secures Trademark Registrations in Bhutan, UAE & Mexico

  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission is a statutory body formed in April 1957 by the Government of India, under the Act of Parliament, ‘Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956’.
  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Agency executive: Vinai Kumar Saxena (Chairperson)
  • Parent agency: Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

7. Italy crowned European champions after penalty shootout win over England

  • The UEFA European Football Championship, less formally the European Championship and informally the Euros, is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men’s national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations, determining the continental champion of Europe.
  • Founded: 1958

8. Indian-American Samir Banerjee wins junior Wimbledon title

  • The last time an Indian player won a singles junior Grand Slam title was when Yuki Bhambri (2009 Australian Open). Before him, Leander Paes (Wimbledon 1990, US Open 1991), Ramesh Krishnan (French Open and Wimbledon 1979) and Ramanathan Krishnan (Wimbledon 1954) had won junior singles Majors.

9. PM receives first copy of ‘The Ramayana of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’

  • Guru Gobind Singh, born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was executed by Aurangzeb, Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs at the age of nine, becoming the tenth and final human Sikh Guru.
  • Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are founding the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699 and introducing the Five Ks, the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times. Guru Gobind Singh is credited with the Dasam Granth whose hymns are a sacred part of Sikh prayers and Khalsa rituals. He is also credited as the one who finalized and enshrined the Guru Granth Sahib as Sikhism’s primary scripture and eternal Guru.

10. World Malala Day: 12th July

  • The 16-year-old Pakistani activist, Malala on July 12, 2013, delivered an eloquent speech at the headquarters of United Nations. She highlighted the need for worldwide access to women’s education and called the world leaders to reform their policies. The teenager received several rounds of standing ovations for her remarkable speech. July 12 also marks her birthday, therefore the UN promptly declared that the day will now be observed as ‘Malala Day’ to honor the young activist.