Home » Facts- 12th and 13th June

Facts- 12th and 13th June

1. Google to Build Undersea Cable Firmina to Connect US to Argentina

  • “Connecting North to South America, the cable will be the longest ever to feature single-end power feeding capability. Achieving this record-breaking, highly resilient design is accomplished by supplying the cable with a voltage 20pc higher than with previous systems.”
  • The cable is named after Maria Firmina dos Reis, a Brazilian author. Koley said Google sought to honour a luminary who worked to advance human understanding and social justice.
  • Including Firmina, Google has investments in 16 subsea cables, including the Grace Hopper cable connecting the UK, US and Spain.
  • CEO: Sundar Pichai
  • Founded: 4 September 1998, Menlo Park, California, United States
  • Parent organization: Alphabet Inc.
  • Headquarters: Mountain View, California, United States
  • Founders: Larry Page, Sergey Brin

2. ESA selects Venus mission

  • EnVision is an ESA led mission with contributions from NASA. It is likely to be launched sometime in the 2030s. The earliest launch opportunity for EnVision is 2031, followed by 2032 and 2033. Once launched on an Ariane 6 rocket, the spacecraft will take about 15 months to reach Venus and will take 16 more months to achieve orbit circularisation.
  • The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organization of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris.
  • CEO: Johann-Dietrich Wörner

3. Flipkart Joins Hands with Telangana Govt for ‘Medicines From The Sky’ Project

  • Flipkart is an Indian e-commerce company, headquartered in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, and incorporated in Singapore as a private limited company.
  • Founded: October 2007, Bengaluru
  • CEO: Kalyan Krishnamurthy
  • Parent organization: Walmart
  • Founders: Sachin Bansal, Binny Bansal


  • Capital: Hyderabad
  • Governor: Tamilisai Soundararajan
  • Founded: 2 June 2014
  • Chief minister: K. Chandrashekar Rao

4. Indian Railway aspires to become world’s largest Green Railways

  • Founded: 16 April 1853, India
  • Headquarters: New Delhi

5. Rebeca Grynspan appointed as UNCTAD’s secretary-general

  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. UNCTAD is the part of the United Nations Secretariat dealing with trade, investment, and development issues.
  • Headquarters location: Geneva, Switzerland

6. India, Kuwait sign MoU for cooperation on recruitment of domestic workers

  • The MoU seeks to establish a mechanism for 24-hour assistance to domestic workers. It provides for the establishment of a joint committee for periodic review and assessment and to follow up the implementation of the MoU which will conduct annual meetings.
  • Capital: Kuwait City
  • Currency: Kuwaiti dinar

7. Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, UAE elected to UN Security Council

  • In January, Gabon and Ghana will take seats currently held by Niger and Tunisia.
  • Out of 193 members of the United Nations called on to vote, Brazil won 181 votes, the UAE 179, Albania 175, Gabon 183 and Ghana 185.
  • UNSC Headquarters: New York, United States

8. PM Modi to deliver a keynote address virtually at United Nations tomorrow

  • The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.
  • Headquarters: Bonn, Germany
  • Signed: 14 October 1994 – 13 October 1995
  • Effective: 26 December 1996
  • Location: Paris, France; New York, United States
  • Condition: Ratification by 50 States
  • Drafted: 17 June 1994

9. US, South Korea reaffirm cooperation toward denuclearisation of Korean Peninsula

  • Korea, or the Korean Peninsula, is a region in East Asia. Since 1945 it has been divided into the two parts which soon became the two sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula.

South Korea

  • President: Moon Jae-in
  • Capital: Seoul
  • Currency: South Korean won

10. G-7 agrees on infrastructure plan to counter China’s Belt and Road

  • China’s BRI, is a multi-trillion-dollar infrastructure scheme that China launched in 2013, involving development and investment initiatives that would stretch from Asia to Europe and beyond.
  • The Group of Seven is an inter-governmental political forum consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • Founded: 1975
  • United Kingdom (2021 host): Prime Minister- Boris Johnson

11. Vinesh Phogat Clinches 53kg Freestyle Gold in Poland Ranking Series

  • The 2021 Poland Open, also known as Ziolkowski, Pytlasinski Memorial, is an ongoing sport wrestling event which is being held in Warsaw, Poland between 8 and 13 of June 2021. It is serving as the last United World Wrestling Ranking Series event of the year and will play a considerable roll on the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics and 2021 World Championships’ seeding.


  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Currency: Polish złoty
  • President: Andrzej Duda

12. Sports Minister Launches Central Athlete Injury Management System For Training Of Athletes For Olympics 2024

  • The core committee of CAIMS includes eminent top of the line experts such as Dr. SKS Marya, Dr. Dinshaw Pardiwala, Dr. BV Srinivas and Shrikant Iyengar.
  • CAIMS is expected to revolutionise the way athlete injuries are managed and treated. It will have the following four structures: Athlete Wellness Cell, On-Field Sports Medicine Experts, National Resource Referral Teams and a Central Core Team.
  • The Ministry was set up as the Department of Sports at the time of organisation of 1982 Asian Games New Delhi. Its name was changed to the Department of Youth Affairs & Sports during celebration of the International Youth Year, 1985. It became a separate Ministry on 27 May 2000. Subsequently, in 2008, the Ministry has been bifurcated into Department of Youth Affairs and Department of Sports under two separate Secretaries.

13. Indian-origin journalist Megha Rajagopalan wins Pulitzer prize

  • This is the 105th year of the Pulitzer Prizes awarded by a board at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism in New York recognising the outstanding work.
  • First awarded: 1917
  • Awarded for: Excellence in newspaper journalism, literary achievements, musical composition

14. World Day Against Child Labour: 12th June

  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 to focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.


  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founder: Paris Peace Conference
  • Founded: 1919
  • Director-General: Guy Ryder

15. International Albinism Awareness Day: 13th June

  • On December 18, 2014, the United Nations’ General Assembly adopted a resolution establishing June 13th as International Albinism Awareness Day. This historic resolution confirmed the global focus on albinism advocacy.
  • In June 2015, the Human Rights Council appointed Ms. Ikponwosa Ero as the first Independent Expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism.
  • The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, serving as the main deliberative, policy-making, and representative organ of the UN. Its powers, composition, functions, and procedures are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter.
  • President: Abdulla Shahid
  • Headquarters: New York, United States