Current Affairs- 9th September
Science and Technology
Media liable for comments on Facebook pages, says Australia’s top court
- Australia’s highest court has made a landmark ruling that media outlets are “publishers” of allegedly defamatory comments posted by third parties on their official Facebook pages. The High Court dismissed an argument by some of Australia’s largest media organizations – Fairfax Media Publications, Nationwide News and Australian News Channel – that for people to be publishers, they must be aware of the defamatory content and intend to convey it.
- The court found in a 5-2 majority decision that by facilitating and encouraging the comments, the companies had participated in their communication.
World's largest plant designed to suck carbon dioxide from air starts in Iceland
- The world’s largest plant designed to suck carbon dioxide out of the air and turning it into rock started running yesterday in Iceland.
- The plant, named Orca, after the Icelandic word orka meaning energy, consists of four units, each made up of two metal boxes, similar in appearance to the containers used for maritime transport.
- According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), that equates to the emissions from about 870 cars. To collect the carbon dioxide, the plant uses fans to draw air into a collector, which has a filter material inside.
China launches Earth observation satellite that can obtain radioactive data
- China launched the 24th Gaofen-series Earth-observation satellite in a bid to monitor environmental protection efforts and boost its natural resources surveillance. The satellite was launched from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in Shanxi province on a Long March 4C carrier rocket.
- China has “mounted seven imagers and sensors on that spacecraft that are capable of obtaining spatial, spectral and radioactive data,” the Chinese National Space Agency said in a post-launch briefing.
- The satellite was successfully delivered into orbit marking the deployment of the 24th Gaofen-series spacecraft and the 387th flight of the Long March rocket fleet.
Union Ministers inaugurate India's first airstrip on national highway in Barmer
- Defense Minister Rajnath Singh has said that India is always ready to protect its unity and sovereignty and it has the ability to face any challenges. Shri Singh said that the country has full faith in its forces. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari today Inaugurated Emergency Landing Field -ELF on National Highway-925 at Gandhav Bhakasar Section in Barmer of Rajasthan.
- Both ministers also witnessed aircraft operations on the Emergency Landing Field (ELF). Sukhoi -30, Jaguar and some more fighter and aircraft landed on this landing field during the programme.
Railway Minister flags off indigenously designed equipment to expedite construction of viaduct
- Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw flagged off indigenously designed and manufactured- Full Span Launching Equipment-Straddle Carrier and Girder Transporter to expedite the construction of viaduct for Mumbai- Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor through video conferencing today.
- Addressing the gathering, the Minister stated that to encourage Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan initiative, full span launching equipment of 1,100 MT capacity is indigenously designed and manufactured by M/s Larsen and Toubro at Kanchipuram in Chennai.
India and Denmark launch Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind
- Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy R. K. Singh met Denmark’s Minister for Climate, Energy and Utilities Dan Jørgensen in New Delhi today. Mr Singh underlined to the Danish side that energy transition towards green is an important part of India’s policy.
- He pointed out that Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Independence Day speech has set a target of 450 Giga Watt of Renewable Energy capacity by 2030.
- Discussing the potential of green energy, the Minister said that India is looking at making Ladakh and islands such as Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep green in energy including transport.
PM Modi chairs BRICS Summit
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi today said that BRICS has made many achievements in the last one and a half decades and it is an influential voice for the emerging economies of the world. In his opening remarks, while chairing the 13th BRICS Summit in virtual format this evening, PM Modi said, the platform has also been useful for focusing on the priorities of developing countries.
- PM Modi said, it must be ensured that BRICS is more productive in the next 15 years. He said, the theme that India has chosen for its leadership is – ‘BRICS at 15 – Intra-BRICS Cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus.
Ayaan Shankta named as 2021 international young economic hero
- A12-year-old environmental activist from Mumbai, Ayaan Shankta, has been named as the 2021 International Young Eco-Hero in recognition of his efforts to solve tough environmental problems.
- Ayaan Shankta won third place in the 8-14 age category for his project Conservation and Rehabilitation of Powai Lake, according to a media release issued.
- His project aims to raise awareness about pollution, clean up the lake, and protect its ecosystem. In addition to working with NGOs to raise awareness and organize clean-ups, Ayaan authored an action report on lake conditions and is currently working on a documentary about Powai Lake.
IOC suspends North Korea until end of 2022 after it failed to send a team to Tokyo Games
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has suspended North Korea until the end of 2022 after it failed to send a team to the Tokyo Games. The suspension means the country will miss out on the Beijing Winter Games.
- North Korea did not send a delegation to the Tokyo Games, saying it wanted to protect its athletes from Covid-19. IOC President Thomas Bach said the North Korean Olympic Committee would not receive financial aid during the suspension. Bach added that the IOC reserves the right to make decisions on any individual North Korean athletes who qualify for Beijing 2022 and to reconsider the duration of the country’s suspension.
Days and Dates
International Day to Protect Education from Attack: 9th September
- International Day to Protect Education from Attack is observed globally on 9th September. In proclaiming the International Day to Protect Education from Attack to be celebrated for the first time in 2020. The purpose of the day is to raise awareness regarding the importance of safeguarding schools as places of protection and safety for students and educators and the need to keep education at the top of the public agenda.
- The day was established by a unanimous decision of the UN General Assembly, calling on UNESCO and UNICEF to raise awareness of the plight of millions of children living in countries affected by conflict.
Other Important Affairs
- India and Japan held their sixth Maritime Affairs Dialogue in a virtual format today. The consultations involved exchanges on developments in the maritime security environment, regional cooperation activities and opportunities for cooperation between the two countries in the Indo-Pacific region.
- IIT Madras has topped the Rankings in the overall category in National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF). IISc Bengaluru has come second, which is followed by IIT Bombay at the third place in the ranking.
- Tata AIA Life Insurance has announced the signing of a multi-year brand partnership with Indian athlete and Olympic gold medallist Neeraj Chopra, as its brand ambassador.
- India’s tallest air purification tower has been inaugurated in the Union Territory of Chandigarh. The tower has been installed at the initiative of the Chandigarh Pollution Control Committee (CPCC) at Transport Chowk, Sector 26, by Pious Air Pvt Limited.