Current Affairs- 9th, 10th & 11th July

Science and Technology

Amazon sets up first 'Digital Kendra' in Surat

Amazon sets up first 'Digital Kendra' in Surat
  • Chief Minister Vijay Rupani on Thursday virtually inaugurated the first Digital Kendra of e-commerce giant Amazon in Surat city that aims to be a physical resource centre for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) providing third party services in e-commerce.
  • The move is part of Amazon India’s commitment to digitise 10 million Indian micro, small and medium enterprises by 2025. The 1,400 sq ft centre has been set up at Krushi Bazar (APMC Market) and is located in an important MSME cluster.

Twitter India names Vinay Prakash as resident grievance officer

Twitter India names Vinay Prakash as resident grievance officer
  • Twitter has named Vinay Prakash as its Resident Grievance Officer for India. The microblogging platform also released the India Transparency report which is required to be published under India’s new IT rules.
  • Twitter is required to publish a monthly report regarding handling of complaints from users in India, including action taken on them, as well as the number of URLs that Twitter has taken.
  • “In compliance with Rule 4(1)(d) of the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021, we have published our inaugural report on July 11, 2021 for the reporting period from May 26, 2021 through to June 25, 2021,” the social media giant also said in its transparency centre page.

National

Indian Railways opens first movable freshwater tunnel aquarium at Bengaluru station

Indian Railways opens first movable freshwater tunnel aquarium at Bengaluru station
  • Indian Railway Stations Development Corporation Ltd(IRSDC) in collaboration with HNi Aquatic Kingdom has opened Indian Railways first movable freshwater tunnel aquarium at the Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station here for the general public.
  • The aquarium is a one-of-its-kind aquatic park based on the Amazon River concept and promises to be a visual treat and a passenger’s delight, IRSDC said in a release.
  • In addition to enhancing the passenger experience, the initiative would be a revenue earner for Indian Railways, it said, adding that a nominal entry fee of Rs 25 has been kept per passenger.

LIC to have CEO and MD to Substitute Chairman

LIC to have CEO and MD to Substitute Chairman
  • Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), which is gearing up to launch a mega initial public offering (IPO), will now have a Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer instead of an Executive Chairman on the pattern of public sector banking industry.
  • The changes have been made by the Department of Financial Services under the Finance Ministry by amending Life Insurance Corporation of India (Employees) Pension (Amendment) Rules. Besides, some other rules under LIC Act, 1956, have been amended.
  • “Chief Executive and Managing Director means the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director appointed by the Central Government under section 4 of the Act (LIC Act 1956),”

Nitin Gadkari inaugurates country’s first LNG facility plant at Nagpur

Nitin Gadkari inaugurates country’s first LNG facility plant at Nagpur
    • Union Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the country’s First Private LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) plant in Nagpur on Sunday. He said, LNG is a clean and cost effective fuel which is capable of decreasing the logistics cost. It has also potential of creating ample job opportunities. LNG is the fuel of the future and will revolutionize the transport sector.
    • The Country’s first LNG facility plant has been set up by Baidyanath Ayurvedic Group on Kamptee Road near Nagpur Jabalpur Highway. Mr.Gadkari also informed that the Central Government is promoting Ethanol, Electric, CNG, LNG gas as an alternative to conventional fuels.

National Lok Adalat organized across J&K and Ladakh

National Lok Adalat organized across J&K and Ladakh
  • National Lok Adalat was organized across the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on Saturday for speedy and amicable settlement of cases under the patronage of Justice Pankaj Mithal, Chief Justice, High Court of J&K and Ladakh and Patron-in-Chief, State Legal Services Authority (SLSA) of J&K and Ladakh.
  • National Lok Adalat was inaugurated by Justice Tashi Rabstan, Judge High Court J&K and Ladakh and Chairman, J&K High Court Legal Services Committee, at High Court of J&K, Jammu Wing.
  • A series of Pre-Lok Adalat sittings were held from 5th to 8th July 2021 at High Court Complex, Jammu wherein the matters at the stage of pre-litigation and those pending before the High Court of J&K, Jammu Wing, were taken up for amicable settlement between the parties.

Federal Bank CEO gets 3-year extension

Federal Bank CEO gets 3-year extension
  • The Reserve bank of India has cleared the re-appointment of Shyam Srinivasan as the managing director and chief executive officer (CEO) of Kerala based Federal Bank for a period of 3 years.
  • In March this year the bank’s board had recommended another 3 year term for Srinivasan despite two consecutive 12-month extensions given by RBI.
  • Srinivasan has been in charge of Federal Bank since September 2010. A request by the board for another three-year term in 2019 resulted in only a one-year extension until September 2020. Further, in July last year Srinivasan was again granted a one-year extension that ended on September 22, 2021.

Himalayan Yaks set to be insured

Himalayan Yaks set to be insured
  • Yak farmers in the remote Himalayas can now afford a smile, thanks to the National Insurance Company Ltd (NICL).
  • These highlanders living in the harshest of climatic conditions used to incur regular losses due to deaths of the animal. For the first time, the NICL has decided to insure the highly valuable Himalayan cattle.
  • India has around 58,000 yaks, found on the heights of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, and Ladakh. This bovine species is susceptible to inclement weather conditions due to climate change, diseases, attacks by wild animals, etc.
  • In 2019 alone, 500 yaks had died in Sikkim due to heavy snowfall. The insurance policy will now shield the yak farmers against the risks.

International

Zaila Avant-garde, 14, becomes first African-American to win Spelling Bee

Zaila Avant-garde, 14, becomes first African-American to win Spelling Bee
  • Whether dribbling a basketball or identifying obscure Latin or Greek roots, Zaila Avant-garde doesn’t show much stress. Now she has become the first African American winner in the 96-year history of the Scripps National Spelling Bee.
  • The 14-year-old basketball prodigy from Harvey, Louisiana, breezed to the championship. The only previous Black winner was also the only champ from outside the United States: Jody-Anne Maxwell of Jamaica in 1998.
  • Zaila said she was fully aware that people were watching her and dreaming of following in her footsteps.

India, UK hold inaugural meeting of India-UK Financial Markets Dialogue

India, UK hold inaugural meeting of India-UK Financial Markets Dialogue
  • India and the United Kingdom held the inaugural meeting of the India-UK Financial Markets Dialogue virtually last evening. The Dialogue was established at the 10th Economic and Financial Dialogue in October last year to deepen bilateral ties in the financial sector.
  • The Dialogue was led by senior officials from the Indian side by the Ministry of Finance and from UK Treasury, with participation from Indian and UK independent regulatory agencies, including the Reserve Bank of India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India, International Financial Services Centre Authority, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India, the Bank of England, and the Financial Conduct Authority.
  • Discussions during the Dialogue were focused on four themes, Gujarat International Finance Tec-City, GIFT City, India’s flagship international financial centre, banking and payments, insurance, and capital markets.

BRICS countries agree to Innovation Cooperation Action Plan proposed by India

BRICS countries agree to Innovation Cooperation Action Plan proposed by India
  • All BRICS countries have agreed to the STI-led BRICS Innovation Cooperation Action Plan (2021-24) proposed by India during the 12th Meeting of BRICS Science and Technology Steering Committee.
  • The Science and Technology Ministry said, India had proposed the plan to facilitate sharing of experiences of each other’s innovation ecosystem and networking of innovators and entrepreneurs. The details of the Action Plan will be worked out by BRICS Science, Technology Innovation Entrepreneurship partnership Working Group.
  • The Department of Science and Technology, India, hosted the 12th Meeting of BRICS Science and Technology Steering Committee yesterday. Scientific Ministries and agencies of all BRICS countries participated in the meeting.

Giant pandas no longer endangered but still vulnerable

Giant pandas no longer endangered but still vulnerable
  • Giant pandas are no longer classified as endangered but are still vulnerable, Chinese officials say.
  • The classification was downgraded as their number in the wild has reached 1,800. Experts say that the country managed to save its iconic animal through its long-term conservation efforts, including the expansion of habitats.
  • China considers pandas a national treasure, but has also loaned them to other countries as diplomatic tools.
  • This week’s announcement by China’s environmental ministry is the first time the animal’s status was changed on its own endangered species list, which uses similar standards as the Swiss-based IUCN.

Sports

Novak Djokovic wins 6th Wimbledon Trophy for record-equalling 20th Grand Slam crown

Novak Djokovic wins 6th Wimbledon Trophy for record-equalling 20th Grand Slam crown
  • World Number One Novak Djokovic has clinched his sixth Wimbledon Tennis title to equal record of 20th Grand Slam trophy after beating seventh-seed Matteo Berrettini of Italy.
  • The 34-year-old Serbian tonight won the Men’s single final by 6-7, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3 in three hours and 24 minutes.
  • Djokovic is now level with Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal in the list of most singles Grand Slam titles in men’s history.
  • Top seed Djokovic has now won all three Grand Slam men’s titles in this year, having already won the Australian Open and the French Open.

Argentina beats Brazil 1-0 to win Copa America tournament

Indian-American Samir Banerjee wins junior Wimbledon title
  • Argentina beats Brazil 1-0 to win Copa America tournament. Argentina ended its 28-year drought for a major international trophy as it defeated Brazil 1-0 in the final of Copa America at Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro.
  • This has been Argentina’s 15th Copa America, drawing level with Uruguay. Angel Di Maria scored the only goal of the match in the 22nd minute. This is Lionel Messi’s first major trophy with the Argentina senior team.

NRAI's Pawan Singh becomes first Indian jury member for shooting at Tokyo Olympics

NRAI's Pawan Singh becomes first Indian jury member for shooting at Tokyo Olympics
    • Pawan Singh, the Joint Secretary General of the National Rifle Association of India (NRAI), has been selected as the first ever Indian juror for the upcoming Tokyo Olympic Games. A resident of Pune in Maharashtra, Mr. Singh is the founder-director of the Gun for Glory Shooting Academy in Balewadi.
    • Mr. Singh said, he is excited to be the umpire for the upcoming Tokyo Olympics in the coming days and is preparing for that. He added that being first from the country is always special, but he would like to see many more Indians come up in the jury and judges’ category. He said if India wants to be a leader in the field of sports in the future, it needs to formulate concrete policies at the national level with an emphasis on umpire training.

Books and Authors

Vice President receives first copy of Thummeti Raghothama Reddy’s book- Terrace Garden: Midde Thota

Vice President receives first copy of Thummeti Raghothama Reddy’s book- Terrace Garden: Midde Thota
  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on Saturday received the first copy of the English translation of Thummeti Raghothama Reddy’s book- Terrace Garden: Midde Thota. The book, originally written in Telugu, chronicles Mr Reddy’s successful journey of developing a fruitful terrace garden at Naarapalle, Hyderabad. Mr Naidu commended the translator Koduru Sitarama Prasad and the publisher Yadlapalli Venkateswara Rao for their efforts in bringing out the book.
  • The Vice President also appreciated Mr Reddy for using age-old traditional methods of farming in his terrace garden. Mr Naidu said, terrace gardening is a wonderful idea as it can provide us with nutritious food that is cost-effective.

The Light of Asia: The Poem that Defined the Buddha

The Light of Asia: The Poem that Defined the Buddha
  • Former Union minister Jairam Ramesh’s new book will uncover and narrate the story of phenomenal poem The Light of Asia that has shaped people’s thinking of the Buddha and his teachings, announced publishing house Penguin on Wednesday.
  • The book, titled “The Light of Asia: The Poem that Defined the Buddha”, will be published under Penguin’s ‘Viking’ imprint in May next year, it added. Written and published by Sir Edwin Arnold in 1879, “The Light of Asia”, subtitled The Great Renunciation, is in the form of a narrative poem. The book endeavours to describe the life and time of Prince Gautama Siddhartha, who after attaining enlightenment became the Buddha. It presents his life, character, and philosophy, in a series of verses.

Days and Dates

National Fish Farmers Day: 10th July

National Fish Farmers Day: 10th July
  • The National Fisheries Development Board celebrated the National Fish Farmers Day virtually on Saturday.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Minister Parshottam Rupala said India is benefitted with a vast coastline on three sides with a huge potential for fisheries sector. He said realizing the importance of the sector, Government has launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided to fishers and fish farmers for fish farming, creation of infrastructure facilities, seed and feed procurement, fishing activity along with training for its proper implementation.

World Population Day: 11th July

World Population Day: 11th July
  • Every year on July 11, the world observes World Population Day. The size of a nation’s population has a major impact on its development and operations. The bigger a country’s population, the more difficult it is to develop at a quicker rate. As a result, reducing overpopulation is essential, whether on a national or global scale, to ensure the long-term growth of our existing resources.
  • It took hundreds of thousands of years for the world population to reach one billion, and then it increased sevenfold in just another 200 years or so.
  • The theme for World Population Day 2021 is “Rights and Choices are the Answer: Whether baby boom or bust, the solution to shifting fertility rates lies in prioritising all people’s reproductive health and rights.”

Other Important Affairs

  • In Ethiopia, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s Prosperity party won national parliamentary election. National Election Board of Ethiopia announced that the ruling party won 410 seats out of 436 in the federal parliament.
  • The ICC board has decided to relieve Manu Sawhney as the CEO with immediate effect.
  • The Kerala State Film Development Corporation (KSFDC) will soon prepare a detailed project report (DPR) for launching an OTT platform exclusively for Malayalam movies.
  • Tamil Nadu exported the Geographical Indication(GI) tag certified Madurai Malli and other natural flowers like button rose, lily, chamanthi, and marigold to the United States of America(USA) and Dubai.
  • Swedish Social Democrat leader Stefan Lofven was narrowly re-elected as prime minister by parliament after leading the country in a caretaking capacity since his resignation last month.
  • Fearing a third wave of COVID-19, the Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) on Friday approved a four-stage, colour-coded alert system for restricting various activities and functioning of Metro trains, restaurants and shopping malls in accordance with the severity of the pandemic.