Current Affairs- 8th June

Science and Technology

MIT Engineers Generate Electricity Using Tiny Carbon Particles

MIT Engineers Generate Electricity Using Tiny Carbon Particles
  • MIT engineers have discovered a new way of generating electricity using tiny carbon particles that can create a current simply by interacting with liquid surrounding them.
  • The liquid, an organic solvent, draws electrons out of the particles, generating a current that could be used to drive chemical reactions or to power micro- or nanoscale robots, the researchers say.
  • In the longer term, this approach could also be used to power micro- or nanoscale robots. Strano’s lab has already begun building robots at that scale, which could one day be used as diagnostic or environmental sensors.

National

Indian Navy inducts three indigenously-built advanced light helicopters ALH MK-III

Indian Navy inducts three indigenously-built advanced light helicopters ALH MK-III
  • The Indian Navy yesterday inducted three indigenously-built advanced light helicopters ALH MK-III that would be used for maritime reconnaissance and coastal security.
  • The three helicopters, made by the Centre-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, were inducted at the Indian Naval Station (INS) Dega, Eastern Naval Command (ENC), in Visakhapatnam.
  • These helicopters are fitted with modern surveillance radar and electro-optical equipment, which enable them to undertake the role of maritime reconnaissance in addition to providing long-range search and rescue, both by day and night.
  • In addition to special operations capabilities, ALH MK-III is also fitted with a heavy machine gun to undertake constabulary missions

Weyan village becomes first in India to achieve 100% vaccination of adults

Weyan village becomes first in India to achieve 100% vaccination of adults
  • A remote hamlet in the Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir has become the first village in India to vaccinate all its adult population against the novel coronavirus.
  • “Weyan, a village in district Bandipora (J&K) has become the first village in the country, where the entire population above 18 years has been vaccinated,” the official Twitter account of PIB, Jammu and Kashmir said in a tweet.
  • Due to the difficult terrain of the area, the vaccinators had walked 18 km on foot to reach the village, as per the Governor’s office.

Supreme Court E-committee releases draft Model Rules for live-streaming of court proceedings

Supreme Court E-committee releases draft Model Rules for live-streaming of court proceedings
  • The E-Committee of the Supreme Court has published the Draft Rules on Live-Streaming and Recording of Court Proceedings in a bid to invite inputs and suggestions from stakeholders on or before 30th June, 2021.
  • The Rules have been framed with the object to “imbue greater transparency, inclusivity and foster access to justice” and will be applicable to High Courts, courts and tribunals over which the High Courts have supervisory jurisdiction.

World Bank approves $500 mn program to help boost India's MSME sector

World Bank approves $500 mn program to help boost India's MSME sector
  • The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors has approved a USD 500 million program to support India’s nationwide initiative to revitalise the MSME sector, which has been heavily impacted by the COVID-19 crisis.
  • According to a statement released last Friday, the program targets improvements in the performance of 555,000 MSMEs and is expected to mobilise financing of USD 15.5 billion, as part of the government’s USD 3.4 billion MSME Competitiveness – A Post-COVID Resilience and Recovery Programme (MCRRP).       

International

Major outage affects number of high profile websites including Amazon, Reddit and Twitch

Major outage affects number of high profile websites including Amazon, Reddit and Twitch
  • A major outage affected a number of high profile websites including Amazon, Reddit and Twitch. The UK government website – gov.uk – was also down as were the Financial Times, the Guardian and the New York Times. Cloud computing provider Fastly, which underpins a lot of websites, said it was behind the problems.
  • The firm said there were issues with its global content delivery network (CDN) and was implementing a fix.
  • In a statement, Fastly said, they identified a service configuration that triggered disruption across their points of presence, POPs globally and have disabled that configuration.

India slips two spots to rank 117 on 17 SDGs adopted as 2030 agenda

India slips two spots to rank 117 on 17 SDGs adopted as 2030 agenda
  • India’s rank has slipped by two places from last year to 117 on the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted as a part of the 2030 agenda by 193 United Nations member states in 2015, a new report has said.
  • The State of India’s Environment Report 2021 revealed that India’s rank was 115 last year and dropped by two places primarily because major challenges like ending hunger and achieving food security (SDG 2), achieving gender equality (SDG 5) and building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation (SDG 9) remain in the country.
  • India ranks below four South Asian countries — Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

Obituaries

Jaipur famous qawwal Saeed Sabri passed away

Jaipur famous qawwal Saeed Sabri passed away
  • Veteran crooner Saeed Sabri (85), who brought laurels to Rajasthan by singing the superhit songs ‘Ik Mulaqat Zaroori Hai Sanam’ in Bollywood film ‘Sirf Tum’ and ‘Der Na Ho Jaye’ in ‘Hina’, died of a heart attack. He had been ill for the past several years.
  • Earlier, in April his son and Renowned qawwali singer Farid Sabri of the Sabri Brothers duo succumbed to death. He was suffering from pneumonia.

Days and Dates

World Oceans Day: 8th June

World Oceans Day: 8th June
  • The ocean covers over 70% of the planet. It is our life source, supporting humanity’s sustenance and that of every other organism on earth.
  • Even though all its benefits, the ocean is now in need of support.
  • With 90% of big fish populations depleted, and 50% of coral reefs destroyed, we are taking more from the ocean than can be replenished.
  • “The Ocean: Life and Livelihoods” is the theme for World Oceans Day 2021, as well as a declaration of intentions that launches a decade of challenges to get the Sustainable Development Goal 14, “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources”, by 2030.

World Brain Tumour Day: 8th June

World Brain Tumour Day: 8th June
  • World Brain Tumour Day is celebrated on June 8 every year. The day aims to raise awareness and educate people about the brain tumour. Brian Tumour Day is observed to pay tribute to brain tumour patients and their families, caregivers, scientists and health professionals.
  • Data states that as many as 500 new cases of brain tumour are detected everyday globally. As per the National Health Portal, the cases of brain tumours are on the rise in India. The government has introduced the National Cancer Control Programme for early detection of tumours and thus control and prevention of cancer.

Other Important Affairs

  • Kempegowda International Airport achieves net energy neutral status.
  • Pran Vayu Devta Pension scheme launched in Haryana.
  • CRISIL cuts India’s GDP to 9.5% from 11%.
  • Hitendra Dave will be appointed as CEO of HSBC.
  • GMB will set up the country’s first international maritime services cluster at GIFT city.