Current Affairs- 6th October

Science and Technology

Russian film crew in orbit to make first movie in space

Russian film crew in orbit to make first movie in space
  • A Russian actor and a film director rocketed to space on a mission to make the world’s first movie in orbit, a project the Kremlin said will help the nation’s space glory.
  • Actor Yulia Peresild and director Klim Shipenko blasted off for the International Space Station in a Russian Soyuz spacecraft together with cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov, a veteran of three space missions. Their Soyuz MS-19 lifted off yesterday from the Russian space launch facility in Baikonur, Kazakhstan and arrived at the station after about 3½ hours. The trio reported they were feeling fine and spacecraft systems were functioning normally.

National

75 Science Technology and Innovation Hubs to be set up in different parts of the country

75 Science Technology and Innovation Hubs to be set up in different parts of the country
  • Union Minister for Science and Technology Dr Jitendra Singh on Wednesday said that the government will set up up 75 Science Technology and Innovation (STI) Hubs in different parts of the country.
  • These hubs will be exclusively for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and will not only promote scientific talent, but also contribute to socio-economic development of these communities.
  • After a high level review meeting with senior officials of Department of Science and Technology (DST) in New Delhi, the Minister said, in the last two years, 20 STI Hubs have already been established.

Moody’s upgrades outlook on India’s sovereign rating to Stable from Negative

  • International ratings agency Moody’s has upgraded the outlook on India’s sovereign rating to Stable from Negative. Upgrading the outlook, Moody’s cited broadening of the economic recovery and receding financial sector risks. The agency noticed that the rising vaccinations has reduced growth risks from subsequent coronavirus infections.
  • Though, the rating agency retained India’s rating at Baa 3, reflecting the lowest investment grade rating, but it said that the decision to change the outlook to stable comes as solvency in the financial system has strengthened. It said, the credit conditions in the country has also improved.

High Commissioner of Bangladesh honours 1971 War Veterans

High Commissioner of Bangladesh honours 1971 War Veterans
  • As part of Birth Centenary celebrations of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, His Excellency Mr Muhammad Imran, High Commissioner of Bangladesh honoured 10 Indian Naval War Veterans from across the country acknowledging their contribution in the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971 at a function hosted onboard BNS Somudra Avijan at Visakhapatnam.
  • Rear Adm Tarun Sobti, VSM, Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet was the Chief Guest for the event which was attended by Rear Adm Jyotin Raina, NM, VSM CSO (Ops) and other senior officers of the ENC.

International

Two day meeting of 30 range countries of Central Asian Flyway begins

  • The two day Online Meeting of Range countries began on Wednesday with a resolve to strengthen the conservation actions for migratory birds and their habitats in the Central Asian Flyway.
  • Central Asian Flyway (CAF) covers a large area of Eurasia between the Arctic and Indian Oceans. This flyway comprises several important migration routes of birds. Including India, there are 30 countries under the Central Asian Flyway. The two day meeting is being organised by India in which it would be sharing its best practices on conservation of migratory birds and the National Action Plan.

Over five billion people could face water shortage by 2050: UN

Over five billion people could face water shortage by 2050: UN
  • More than five billion people globally are expected to face a shortage of water by 2050, a United Nations (UN) agency report has warned.
  • The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), yesterday, said that climate change increases the global risk of water-related hazards like floods and droughts and the number of people affected by water scarcity is also expected to soar.
  • According to figures cited in the report, 3.6 billion people had inadequate access to water at least one month per year in 2018. By 2050, this is expected to rise to more than five billion, the report titled ‘The State of Climate Services 2021: Water’ said.

Seychelles Tax Inspectors Without Borders programme launched in partnership with India

  • Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB), a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), launched its programme in Seychelles on 4th October, 2021. India was chosen as the Partner Administration and has provided Tax Expert for this programme.
  • This programme is expected to be of 12 months duration during which India, in collaboration with the TIWB Secretariat and support of the UNDP Country Office in Mauritius and Seychelles, aims to aid Seychelles in strengthening its tax administration by transferring technical know-how and skills to its tax auditors through sharing of best audit practices.

Sports

Hockey India withdraws from 2022 Commonwealth Games

  • Hockey India has pulled out of next year’s Birmingham Commonwealth Games citing Covid-19 concerns and UK’s discriminatory quarantine rules for travellers from India. The move comes a day after England withdrew from the Men’s Junior Hockey World Cup in Bhubaneswar over similar reasons.
  • Hockey India President Gyanandro Ningombam communicated the federation’s decision to Indian Olympic Association (IOA) President Narinder Batra in a letter. Hockey India said, there is only a 32-day window available between the Commonwealth Games (July 28-August 8) and the Hangzhou Asian Games (September 10-25).

Awards and Honours

Nobel chemistry prize goes to duo who developed a tool for molecule building

Nobel chemistry prize goes to duo who developed a tool for molecule building
  • Two scientists have been awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on building molecules that are mirror images of one another.
  • German-born Benjamin List and Briton David MacMillan (Born in Bellshill, United Kingdom and Professor at Princeton University, USA) were announced today as the winners at an event in Stockholm.
  • Their chemical toolkit has been used for discovering new drugs and making molecules that can capture light in solar cells. The winners will share the prize money of 10 million Swedish kroner (1,135.54 million US Dollars).

Days and Dates

Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2021: October 01st to 31st

Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2021: October 01st to 31st
  • Every year the Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM) is observed in the month of October, from 01 to 31. The annual international health campaign aims to increase awareness of the disease and to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure. The pink ribbon is an international symbol of breast cancer awareness.
  • Breast Cancer is a type of cancer that arises in the epithelium (lining cells) of the ducts or lobules in the glandular tissues of the breast. In 2020 more than 2.3 million women across the globe were diagnosed with breast cancer.

Other Important Affairs

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate to the nation 35 Pressure Swing Adsorption-PSA Oxygen Plants established under PM CARES, across 35 States and Union Territories, in an event to be held at AIIMS, Rishikesh in Uttarakhand tomorrow at 11 A.M.
  • Mahalaya festival was celebrated across Bangladesh on Wednesday with devotion and piety. Special puja programmes were organised across temples in the capital city Dhaka and other cities of Bangladesh.
  • Professor Eric A. Hanushek and Dr Rukmini Banerji have been awarded the 2021 Yidan Prize for Education Development for improving learning outcomes in schools at scale.
  • Crypto exchange CoinDCX has roped in Amitabh Bachchan as a brand ambassador to spread awareness about cryptocurrencies. Through this collaboration, CoinDCX wants to increase awareness around crypto and popularise it as an emerging asset class.