Current Affairs- 4th-5th October

Science and Technology

Russia successfully test-fires hypersonic missile from nuclear submarine for first time

Russia successfully test-fires hypersonic missile from nuclear submarine for first time
  • Russia yesterday said that it successfully test fired a Zirkon hypersonic cruise missile from a nuclear submarine for the first time.
  • The Russian Defence Ministry said, the Severodvinsk submarine performed two launches of the Zircon cruise missile at mock targets in the Barents Sea. It first test-fired Zircon from the surface and then launched another missile from a submerged position in the White Sea.
  • Lauding as part of a new generation of unrivaled arms systems, Russian President Vladimir Putin said, Zircon would be capable of flying at nine times the speed of sound and have a range of 1,000 kilometres

Govt deploys 'Made in India' drone first time to transport COVID-19 vaccine

  • The Minister for Health and Family Welfare Mansukh Mandaviya has launched ICMR’s Drone Response and Outreach in North East (i-Drone) with a view to ensure last-mile delivery of vaccines. This is a delivery model to make sure that life-saving vaccines reach everyone.
  • Launching the initiative, Mr Mandaviya said, this is for the first time that a “Made in India’ drone has been used in South Asia to transport COVID vaccine over an aerial distance of 15 kilometers in 12  to 15 minutes from the Bishnupur district hospital to Loktak lake, Karang island in Manipur for administration at the Primary Health Centre.

National

NHA revises health benefit package of Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY

NHA revises health benefit package of Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY
  • The National Health Authority (NHA) has revised the Health Benefit Package of Ayushman Bharat -Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB  PM-JAY).
  • In the revised version of Health Benefit Package (HBP 2.2), rates of some health packages have been increased by 20 percent to 400 per cent under AB PM-JAY.
  • Around, 400 procedure rates have been revised and one new additional medical management package related to black fungus has also been added.
  • The HBP 2.2 is expected to be rolled out from November, 2021.

Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya releases UNICEF’s publication ‘The State of the World’s Children 2021’

  • Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya today released UNICEF’s global flagship publication – “The State of the World’s Children 2021; On My Mind: promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health in New Delhi today.
  • The report details the significant impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children’s mental health.
  • Describing significance of the report which focuses on mental health, Mr Mandaviya said that Mental Health is both an old issue and an emerging issue.
  • As per the report, around 14 percent of 15 to 24-year-olds in India, or 1 in 7 of them , reported often feeling depressed or having little interest in doing things.

Govt to investigate 'Pandora Papers Leak' by multi-agency group under CBDT Chairman

Govt to investigate 'Pandora Papers Leak' by multi-agency group under CBDT Chairman
  • Government today said that the cases pertaining to Pandora Papers will be investigated and appropriate action will be taken in such cases as per law.
  • Finance Ministry said, the investigations in cases of Pandora Papers leaks appearing in the media under the name Pandora papers will be monitored through the Multi Agency Group, headed by the Chairman, Central Board of Direct Taxes.
  • It will be have representatives from CBDT, Enforcement Directorate, Reserve Bank of India and Financial Intelligence Unit.

International

5th edition of India - Japan Maritime Bilateral Exercise

5th edition of India - Japan Maritime Bilateral Exercise
  • The fifth edition of India – Japan Maritime Bilateral Exercise JIMEX between the Indian Navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force will be held in Arabian Sea from tomorrow.
  • Indigenously built Guided Missile Stealth Destroyer Kochi and Guided Missile Frigate Teg, under the command of Flag Officer Commanding Western Fleet Rear Admiral Ajay Kochhar will represent the Indian Navy in the three day exercise.
  • The Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force will be represented by JMSDF ships Kaga, an Izumo Class Helicopter Carrier and Murasame, a Guided Missile Destroyer, led by Commander Escort Flotila – 3 Rear Admiral IkeuchiIzuru.

Om Birla, Harivansh to participate in G-20 Parliamentary Speakers Summit in Rome

Om Birla, Harivansh to participate in G-20 Parliamentary Speakers Summit in Rome
  • An Indian Parliamentary Delegation led by Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla will visit Rome, Italy from 7th to 9 October to attend the G20 Parliamentary Speakers Summit.
  • The delegation will comprise of Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha Harivansh, Secretary General, Lok Sabha Utpal Kumar Singh and Secretary General, Rajya Sabha Dr. P.P.K. Ramacharyulu.
  • The overall theme of the summit is Parliaments for People, Planet and Prosperity. A Joint Statement will be adopted at the end of the Summit.

Malaysia protests presence of Chinese vessels in its waters

Malaysia protests presence of Chinese vessels in its waters
  • Malaysia has summoned the Chinese ambassador to Kuala Lumpur yesterday to express its protest against the encroachment into its waters by Beijing’s vessels.
  • The foreign ministry said in a statement that the protest was over the presence and activities of Chinese vessels, including a survey vessel, in Malaysia’s Exclusive Economic Zone off the coasts of the eastern states of Sabah and Sarawak. However it did not say when the vessels were detected in Malaysian waters.

Sports

ISSF Junior World Championship

  • In International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) junior world championships in Lima, young Indian shooter Aishwary Pratap Singh Tomar smashed the world record in the final to win gold in the men’s 50m rifle 3 positions event.
  • The youngster then bettered the junior world record in the final with a score of 463.4, finishing nearly seven points ahead of second-placed Frenchman Lucas Kryzs, who won the silver with a score of 456.5.
  • Earlier in the day, India’s 14-year-old shooter Naamya Kapoor fired her way to the gold medal ahead of celebrated compatriot Manu Bhaker in the women’s 25m pistol event.

Awards and Honours

Nobel Prize for physics awarded to scientists from Japan, Germany, Italy

  • This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University USA and Klaus Hasselmann from Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and the other half to Giorgio Parisi from Sapienza University of Rome, Italy “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”.
  • Three Laureates share this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies of chaotic and apparently random phenomena.

David Julius & Ardem Patapoutian from US share 2021 prize in Medicine or Physiology

David Julius & Ardem Patapoutian from US share 2021 prize in Medicine or Physiology
  • Scientists who discovered how our bodies feel the warmth of the sun or the hug of a loved one have won the Nobel Prize.
  • David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian, from the United States, share the 2021 prize in Medicine or Physiology for their work on sensing touch and temperature.
  • They unpicked how our bodies convert physical sensations into electrical messages in the nervous system. Their findings could lead to new ways of treating pain.

Days and Dates

Ganga River Dolphin Day: 5 October

Ganga River Dolphin Day: 5 October
  • In India, the ‘Ganga River Dolphin Day’ is observed every year on October 5, to raise awareness and encourage conservation of Ganga River Dolphins. It was on this day in 2010, that Ganga Dolphins were declared national aquatic animals. Then, in 2012, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Uttar Pradesh government jointly began the dolphin conservation campaign in the country.
  • The Gangetic Dolphins are included under the First Schedule of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. They have been declared “Endangered” under IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). They are listed under Appendix I as most endangered under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Other Important Affairs

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) has warned against the adoption of Crypto currency, saying it can threaten financial stability of emerging markets. According to the IMF, Crypto currency poses new challenges to financial stability and consumer protection risks remain substantial given limited or inadequate disclosure and oversight.
  • Japan’s Parliament today elected former Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida as the Prime Minister. He is the 100th Prime Minister in the country’s political history.
  • FC Goa claimed their maiden Durand Cup football title after a 1-0 win over Mohammedan Sporting in the final in Kolkata yesterday.
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the government of Bangladesh signed the agreement for USD 400 million in loan for constructing the Dhaka-Sylhet highway to improve mobility, road safety and regional trade in the north east economic corridor in Bangladesh.
  • BC Patnaik has taken charge as Managing Director of Life Insurance Corporation of India. He was appointed as Managing Director by the Government of India notification dated July 5, 2021.