Current Affairs- 2nd August

Science and Technology

AICTE tool which translates English content into various Indian languages

AICTE tool which translates English content into various Indian languages
  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu on Monday witnessed a demonstration by the AICTE officials on a unique tool that translates English language content into 11 different Indian languages.
  • The presentation on the AICTE Translation Automation Artificial Intelligence Tool was made by AICTE Chairman, Professor Anil D. Sahasrabudhe and AICTE Chief Coordinating Officer Dr. Buddha Chandrasekhar at Up-Rashtrapati Nivas. The tool translates English language online courses into – Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Punjabi, Assamese and Odia.

SELCO launched solar beds for bed-ridden people

SELCO launched solar beds for bed-ridden people
  • The Bengaluru based SELCO Solar Light Private Limited has come forward to launch solar beds for people with spinal cord injury. It has donated two such beds to the association of People with Disability under the guidance of Belthangady based Seva Bharati.
  • SELCO solar company has joined hands with Seva Bharati to come to the rescue of people suffering from spinal cord injury. The company has donated two beds initially to the Association of People with Disability. The bed is designed for those who have vertebral fractures and are confined to the bed. Deficiency in care or neglect in treatment can cause pressure on the back of such patients and cause ulcers on the skin

National

Indian Bank signs MoU with IIT Bombay for startup financing

Indian Bank signs MoU with IIT Bombay for startup financing
  • Indian Bank on Monday entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with Society for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SINE) – an initiative of Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay – for extending exclusive credit facility to Start-ups and MSMEs.
  • SINE, IIT, Bombay is the forerunner in setting up joint R&D with industries and supporting start-up incubation. SINE, IIT, Bombay provides support to the MSME sector by providing joint research and development arrangements and technical and financial support for incubation and acceleration of high-end technology products.

Parliament passes Inland Vessels Bill

Parliament passes Inland Vessels Bill
  • The Parliament has passed the Inland Vessels Bill, 2021 with Rajya Sabha approving it today amid din. The Lok Sabha has already passed the bill. The legislation is to replace the Inland Vessels Act, 1917.
  • The bill seeks to introduce a uniform regulatory framework for inland vessel navigation across the country. It provides for a central database for recording the details of vessel, vessel registration and crew on an electronic portal.
  • The bill defines mechanically propelled inland vessels to include ships, boats, sailing vessels, container vessels and ferries.

International

Eastern Fleet Ships on Overseas Operational Deployment

Eastern Fleet Ships on Overseas Operational Deployment
  • In pursuit of India’s ‘Act East’ policy and to enhance military cooperation with friendly countries, a Task Force of Indian Navy’s Eastern Fleet is scheduled to proceed on an Overseas Deployment to South East Asia, the South China Sea and Western Pacific from early Aug 2021 for over two months.
  • The deployment of the Indian Navy ships seeks to underscore the operational reach, peaceful presence and solidarity with friendly countries towards ensuring good order in the maritime domain and to strengthen existing bonds between India and countries of the Indo Pacific.

Will not recognize Taliban if they gain power in Afghanistan by force says EU envoy

Will not recognize Taliban if they gain power in Afghanistan by force says EU envoy
  • Amid the unrelenting violence in Afghanistan by the Taliban, European Union has reiterated that if the terrorist group rise to power by force, the European Union and other countries will not recognize their regime. Head of the European Union delegation to Afghanistan Thomas Nicholson said, the Taliban had no proposals at the negotiating table, but, if they put the plan of the Islamic Emirate on the table in the 1990s or any plan that is the Islamic Emirate, it will not be acceptable.
  • The EU envoy also expressed concern about the security situation in the country, saying that the bloc is trying to stay involved as much as possible.

Myanmar junta leader declares himself PM and promises election by 2023

Myanmar junta leader declares himself PM and promises election by 2023
  • The State Administration Council of Myanmar has been reformed as ‘Caretaker government of Myanmar’ headed by the Chief of the Myanmar military Senior General Min Aung Hlaing as the Prime Minister. In a televised speech on Sunday, Gen. Hlaing also pledged to hold elections by 2023. He said that his administration was ready to work with a future regional envoy appointed by the ASEAN on Myanmar.
  • The Meeting of ASEAN Foreign Ministers is scheduled to take place between August 2-7 virtually to finalise a special envoy to Myanmar to initiate dialogue between the military government and its opponents. Earlier, in April ASEAN had called for immediate cessation of violence and a visit to Myanmar by a regional special envoy.

Sports

Lamont Jacobs wins 100m gold in 9.80 seconds in Tokyo Olympics

Lamont Jacobs wins 100m gold in 9.80 seconds in Tokyo Olympics
  • Italy’s Lamont Marcell Jacobs became the world fastest man alive, winning men’s 100m gold with a time of 9.80s.
  • Jacobs outshone a field of unusual suspects to claim a shock gold at the Tokyo Olympics on Sunday. American Fred Kerley clocked 9.84sec to take silver. Canada’s Andre de Grasse, a bronze medallist at the 2016 Rio Games, repeated the feat in 9.89sec.
  • Indian Sprinter Dutee Chand ran her season’s best but still failed to qualify to the semi-finals of women’s 200m as she clocked a time of 23.85 seconds to finished last in the heat this morning.

Awards and Honours

Serum Institute founder Cyrus Poonawalla to receive Lokmanya Tilak Award

Serum Institute founder Cyrus Poonawalla to receive Lokmanya Tilak Award
  • Dr. Cyrus Poonawalla, chairman of the city-based vaccine maker Serum Institute of India (SII), will be honoured with the prestigious Lokmanya Tilak National Award for 2021.
  • Deepak Tilak, president of the Lokmanya Tilak Trust, has made the announcement.
  • “Poonawalla will be felicitated for his work during the COVID-19 pandemic, wherein he helped in saving many lives by manufacturing Covishield vaccine. Under his leadership, crores of doses of Covishield vaccine were made available to the world in record time. Poonawalla has been at the forefront of making different vaccines at affordable prices,”

Days and Dates

World Breastfeeding Week: 1st Aug-7th Aug

World Breastfeeding Week: 1st Aug-7th Aug
  • World Breastfeeding Week is an annual celebration held every year from August 1st to 7th in over 120 countries. World Health Organisation states breastfeeding as one of the most effective ways to ensure child health and survival. This year, the theme for breastfeeding week is ‘Protect Breastfeeding: A Shared Responsibility.’
  • World Health Organisation states, breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to ensure child health and survival. However, nearly 2 out of 3 infants are not exclusively breastfed for the recommended 6 months—a rate that has not improved in two decades.

Other Important Affairs

  • The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill, 2021 amid din. The bill seeks to amend the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972. It provides a greater private sector participation in the public sector insurance companies. The bill removes the mandatory provision of 51 per cent shareholding of the Central Government in General Insurance Corporation of India, National Insurance, New India Assurance, Oriental Insurance and United India Insurance companies.
  • In the Tokyo Olympics, the Indian women’s hockey team today scripted history by qualifying for the Olympic Games semifinals for the first time ever. The Indian eves defeated three-time champions, Australia by a solitary goal.
  • The AYUSH Ministry has collaborated with the UK’s London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to conduct a study on Ashwagandha for promoting recovery from the novel coronavirus.
  • Alpine’s Esteban Ocon has claimed his maiden Formula 1 victory in what was without doubt one of the most thrilling Hungarian Grands Prix of all time, ahead of Aston Martin’s Sebastian Vettel – while Lewis Hamilton recovered from being last at one point to claim P3