Current Affairs- 28th July

Science and Technology

Chandrayaan-3 launch likely in third quarter of 2022: Govt

Chandrayaan-3 launch likely in third quarter of 2022: Govt
  • The Government has said that India’s Moon mission Chandrayaan-3 is likely to be launched during the third quarter of next year. 
  • In a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office Dr. Jitendra Singh informed that the launch of the mission got hampered due to Covid-19 pandemic.
  • He said after the commencement of the unlock period realization of Chandrayaan-3 resumed. 
  • The process of realization involves various stages including finalization of configuration, sub systems realization, integration and spacecraft level detailed testing.

Multipurpose device COVID BEEP developed by ECIL, ESIC Hyderabad

Multipurpose device COVID BEEP developed by ECIL, ESIC Hyderabad
  • Minister of state in Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) Jitendra Singh today said a multipurpose device COVID BEEP has been developed to monitor Oxygen rate, body temperature and heart rate indigenously by ECIL and ESIC Hyderabad. Mr. Singh informed the Lok Sabha that the equipment has been widely used in households and hospitals. 
  • He said that with the help of Red Cross Society 500 COVID BEEP has been provided to the hospital and it is helpful in maintaining Covid protocol. Mr Singh said the cost effective monitoring system has also inbuilt a GPS facility. The Minister said that the Ministry of Labour and Employment has received 10,000 potential orders for the device.

National

Parliament passed amendment Bill to strengthen juvenile justice law

Parliament passed amendment Bill to strengthen juvenile justice law
  • Parliament has passed the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021 with Rajya Sabha approving it today amid din. The Lok Sabha has already passed the Bill. The Bill seeks to amend the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
  • The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption orders to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability. Defining eligibility parameters for appointment of Child Welfare Committee members and categorizing previously undefined offences as serious offences are some of the other aspects of the Bill.

IMF downgrades India's growth projection to 9.5% from 12.5% for 2021-22

IMF downgrades India's growth projection to 9.5% from 12.5% for 2021-22
  • International Monetary Fund has projected India’s growth rate at 9.5 per cent for the current fiscal year. For the next Financial Year 2022-23, IMF expects economic growth of 8.5 per cent, larger than the 6.9 per cent it had projected in April. 
  • Forecast for the current year 2021-22 is lower than the 12.5 per cent growth in GDP that the IMF had projected in April before the second wave of COVID-19 took a grip. In its latest World Economic Outlook, IMF said, growth prospects in India have been downgraded following the severe second COVID wave during March-May and expected slow recovery in confidence from that setback.

Two Day Vishal Pashudhan Vyapar Mela inaugurated in J&K

  • In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, Principal Secretary, Animal & Sheep Husbandry, Navin Kumar Choudhary inaugurated ‘Two Day Vishal Pashudhan Vyapar Mela’ at Sports Stadium, Hiranagar in Kathau district today. The two day mela being organised by the Department of Animal and Sheep husbandry is first of its kind where sale and purchase of multiple breeds of cows, buffaloes, sheep, goat and other animals being provisioned. 
  • Highlighting the recent initiatives of government to achieve self sufficiency in milk production, Choudhary said with the easing out of the schemes related to Dairy Production, Animal and Sheep Husbandry got tremendous response where over 10 Cr rupees subsidies through arrays of schemes were disbursed among the farmers in last fiscal.

International

Rajnath Singh addresses SCO Defence Ministers' meeting

  • India has said, it accords high priority to strengthening ties with Sanghai Cooperation Organisation, SCO partners bilaterally on the basis of equality, mutual respect and understanding. Addressing the SCO Defence Ministers’ meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh today said that India accords high priority to the consolidation of trust in the security domain within SCO.
  • He added that the challenge today is not just one of concepts and norms, but equally of their sincere practice. He reiterated India’s resolve to work within the SCO framework for helping create and maintain a peaceful, secure and stable region.

U.S. announces additional $25M to support India’s COVID-19 vaccination programme

U.S. announces additional $25M to support India’s COVID-19 vaccination programme
  • US Secretary of State Antony Blinken called on Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi this evening. In a tweet, Mr Modi expressed happiness to meet the visiting dignitary. The Prime Minister said, he welcomed President Biden’s strong commitment to strengthen the India-US Strategic Partnership, which is anchored in a shared democratic values and is a force for global good. 
  • US has announced an additional 25 million dollars to support India’s COVID-19 vaccination program. In a tweet, Mr Blinken said that the United States’ support will help save lives by strengthening vaccine supply chains across India.

China hosts Taliban delegation in Tianjin

China hosts Taliban delegation in Tianjin
  • China had urged Taliban to cut its ties with the East Turkestan Islamic Movement which is blamed by Beijing for terror activities and fueling separatism in its Xinjiang region. 
  • Chinese State councillor and foreign minister Wang Yi said this on Wednesday during talks with a nine-member delegation led by the Taliban’s chief negotiator and co-founder Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar in the northern city of Tianjin, around 120 km from capital Beijing. 
  • This is the first time a senior Taliban leader has visited China since the group launched an offensive to capture territories across Afghanistan, in the aftermath of the rapid withdrawal of US and NATO forces.

Tropical storm Nepartak to bring rain, wind, waves to northeast Japan

  • An offshore tropical storm brought wind and rain to the Tokyo region and affected some Olympic events Tuesday as it headed toward northeastern Japan, where stormier conditions were forecast. 
  • The Japan Meteorological Agency predicted Nepartak would bring heavy rains, strong winds and high waves to northeastern Japan in advance of its landfall around midday on Wednesday north of the capital region. 
  • Storm and high wave warnings were issued for the coastal areas of Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures.

Days and Dates

World Hepatitis Day: 28th July

  • On the occasion of World Hepatitis Day 2021, Manipur Chief Minister N. Biren Singh launched Model Hepatitis B Treatment Centres at two hospitals in Manipur. 
  • The Model Hepatitis B Treatment Centres are opened at Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Science (JNIMS) and Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS). The centres were launched during the function held today at CM Secretariat on the occasion of World Hepatitis Day 2021 under the theme- Hepatitis Can’t Wait.

Other Important Affairs

  • Minister of Railways, Communications and Electronics and Information Technology Ashwini Vaishnaw said the Indian Railways have decided to provide Wi-Fi facility at all stations except halt stations. 
  • Odisha’s Puri has become the first city in the state to have a drink-from-tap facility. This means that the city now has safe drinking water that can be used directly from tap for cooking and drinking, without requiring further filtration. 
  •  The World Nature Conservation Day is observed annually on July 28. The occasion aims to create awareness about the need to preserve the environment and natural resources in order to keep the world healthy. The theme for this year’s World Nature Conservation Day 2021 is “Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet”.
  •  Assam Chief Minister Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma laid the foundation of Bamboo Industrial Park at Manderdisa in Dima Hasao. The project will be implemented with Rs.50 crores from DoNER Ministry.