Current Affairs- 27th July

National

India taking all legal steps to protect its interest in Cairn Energy case: Centre

ISRO to launch Geo-Imaging Satellite EOS-03 in 2021
  • The government has said that it is taking all appropriate legal steps to protect its interest in connection with the case pertaining to Cairn Energy. In a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha, Minister of State for Finance Pankaj Chaudhary said that an order has been passed by a French Court freezing certain Indian government properties in Cairn Energy Case.
  • French Court has ordered to freeze 20 Indian Government properties in Paris amounting 177 crore rupees in a case pertaining to this company.
  • The Minister said that Arbitral tribunal which had its seat in the Hague pronounced its award on 21st December 2020 in favour of Cairn Energy Plc and Cairn UK Holdings Ltd. He  informed  the House that an appeal against this  award has been filed in the Hague Court of Appeal on 22nd March this year.

UNESCO names Harappan city of Dholavira in Gujarat as world heritage site

UNESCO names Harappan city of Dholavira in Gujarat as world heritage site
  • Dholavira, a Harappan-era metropolis, in Gujarat has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the organization said on Tuesday.
  • This has brought the number of World Heritage sites to 40 in India.
  • Culture Minister G Kishan Reddy has said that today is a proud day for India, especially for the people of Gujarat.
  • He said that since 2014, India has added 10 new World Heritage sites which is one fourth of our total sites.
  • Mr. Reddy said that this shows Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s steadfast commitment in promoting Indian culture, heritage and the Indian way of life.

Parliament passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill, 2021

  • Parliament has passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill, 2021 with the Rajya Sabha approving it today. The Lok Sabha has already passed the legislation.
  • The Bill seeks to provide a framework for the development, maintenance, and management of aids to navigation in India. It defines aid to navigation as a device, system, or service, external to the vessels designed and operated to enhance the safety and efficiency of navigation of vessels and vessel traffic.
  • A vessel includes a ship, boat, sailing vessel, fishing vessel, submersible, and mobile offshore drilling units. The Bill also proposes to impart training and certification to operator of aids to navigation, development of its historical, educational and cultural value.

Garima Grihas for Transgender Persons

Garima Grihas for Transgender Persons
  • The Centre has said that the Garima Grihas for the transgender persons are being set up with the help of community-based organizations.
  • In a written reply of question, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment A. Narayanaswamy informed Lok Sabha, 12 pilot shelter homes have been initiated with the aim of providing safe and secure shelter to transgender persons. He said, such shelter homes have been set up in the states of Maharashtra, Delhi, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.

International

INDRA 2021: India-Russia to hold joint military exercise in Volgograd in August

INDRA 2021: India-Russia to hold joint military exercise in Volgograd in August
  • 12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint Military Exercise INDRA-2021 will be held at Volgograd, Russia from 1st to 13th of next month. The exercise will entail conduct of counter terror operations under the United Nations mandate by a joint force against international terror groups.
  • Two hundred fifty personnel from both the nations will form part of the exercise. The Indian Army contingent comprising of a Mechanised Infantry Battalion underwent rigorous training at different locations in India to refine their drills for participation in the joint exercise.

US combat forces to leave Iraq by year's end

US combat forces to leave Iraq by year's end
  • US President Joe Biden has announced that American combat forces will leave Iraq by the end of this year, though troops will continue to train and advise the Iraqi military. The announcement of ending US military’s combat mission came after Mr Biden held talks with Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi at the White House yesterday.
  • US President alongside the Iraqi Prime Minister said, we support strengthening Iraq’s democracy and we are anxious to make sure the election goes forward in October. We are also committed to our security cooperation, our shared fight against ISIS, he added.

Sunseap set to build world's biggest floating solar farm in Indonesia

  • Singapore-based solar energy provider Sunseap will spend more than $2 billion to build the world’s largest floating solar farm and energy storage system on Indonesia’s Batam Island, which is across the Singapore Strait from Singapore.
  • The floating solar farm is expected to have a capacity of 2.2 gigawatt-peak. It will float on the Duriangkang Reservoir on a southern area of Batam Island and span nearly 4,000 acres (1,600 hectares). The energy storage facility will have a capacity of more than 4,000 megawatts per hour.
  • The project will offset more than 1.8 million metric tons of emissions annually – the equivalent of 400,000 cars’ worth of emissions per year.

Myanmar junta cancels results of 2020 election won by Suu Kyi's party

Myanmar junta cancels results of 2020 election won by Suu Kyi's party
  • Myanmar’s junta on Monday cancelled the results of 2020 polls won by Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, announcing they were not “free and fair” almost six months after deposing the Nobel laureate in a coup.
  • Investigations had uncovered more than 11 million cases of fraud in the elections in which Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy trounced the military-aligned opposition, the junta’s election commission said.
  • “They (the NLD) attempted to take state power from non-NLD parties and candidates by misusing Covid-19 restrictions,” said commission chairman Thein Soe.

Indian Navy participates in maritime exercise Cutlass Express 2021

  • Indian Naval Ship (INS) Talwar is participating in Exercise Cutlass Express 2021, which commenced on July 26 along the East Coast of Africa, to improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity and increase interoperability between the regional navies. The exercise will conclude on August 6.
  • The exercise is an annual maritime exercise conducted to promote national and regional maritime security in East Africa and the Western Indian Ocean, an official statement from the Ministry of Defence said.
  • As a part of the exercise, the Indian Navy, together with other partners, would undertake training of contingents from various participating countries in various fields across the spectrum of maritime security operations.

CRPF Raising Day: 27th July

  • India’s largest Central Armed Police Force, the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is observing its ‘83rd Raising Day’ today. The day marks the immense and unparalleled contribution of the force in upholding the unity, integrity, and sovereignty of the nation.
  • On the occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended greetings to the force’s personnel and their families.
  • In a tweet, PM Modi lauded the CRPF personnel for their valor and professionalism and said that their contribution to the nation’s unity is unparalleled. “Greetings to all courageous CRPF personnel and their families on the force’s Raising Day. The CRPF is known for its valor and professionalism. It has a key role in India’s security apparatus. Their contributions to further national unity are appreciable,” read one of the tweets of the Prime Minister.
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Other Important Affairs

  • The Union Government has so far banned or phased out 46 pesticides and four pesticide formulations for import, manufacture or sale in the country.
  • Turkmenistan has secured its first-ever olympics medal as its weightlifter Polina Guryeva won silver medal in the 59kg weightlifting category in Tokyo olympics.
  • Basavaraj Bommai will be sworn in as the new Chief Minister of Karnataka tomorrow morning.
  • US Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken has arrived in New Delhi today on a two day visit to India.
  • Kandla SEZ (KASEZ) was awarded IGBC Platinum Rating today. KASEZ is the First Green SEZ to achieve the IGBC Green Cities Platinum Rating for Existing Cities.