Current Affairs- 22nd June

Science and Technology

ARDE, Pune Develops Canopy Severance System for Fighter Aircraft

ARDE, Pune Develops Canopy Severance System for Fighter Aircraft
  • All modern aircraft are equipped with a Canopy Severance System (CSS), which is an escape path clearance system for the pilot in case of emergencies occurring on the aircraft.
  • State-of-the-art CSS has been developed ab-initio at Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune in association with High Energy Material Research Laboratory (HEMRL), Pune, for the indigenously developed LCA Tejas and Trainer Aircraft, HJT-36 Aircraft and HTT-40 Aircraft. It provides safe passage by pre-weakening/severing the canopy to facilitate the smooth escape of the pilot in the shortest possible time.

National

Smriti Irani and Sanjay Dhotre inaugurate Toycathon 2021 grand finale

Smriti Irani and Sanjay Dhotre inaugurate Toycathon 2021 grand finale
  • Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani and Minsiter of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre virtually inaugurated Toycathon 2021 grand finale today. The Toycathon 2021 is being organized jointly by Ministry of Education in coordination with five other Ministries. Speaking on the occasion, Ms Irani marked the moment as historical where the nation’s first toy hackathon is being dedicated to the world.
  • The Minister complimented 1,77,049 individual teams that submitted the ideas at Toycathon 2021. She emphasized that toys have huge impact on psychomotor abilities of children, impact their memory skill and generate huge responsibility towards ensuring future autonomy of the child.

Government aims to tighten rules for e-Commerce

Government aims to tighten rules for e-Commerce
  • Union Government has proposed several amendments in the e-commerce rules to bring transparency and curb the prevalent unfair trade practices in the online marketing platforms. The government is sharing a draft of the proposed amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020, to protect the interests of consumers and encourage free and fair competition in the market.
  • According to the proposed rules, the e-commerce platforms will need to appoint a Chief Compliance Officer, a Nodal Officer, a Resident Grievance Officer and other officials to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Act and Rules.

International

X-Press Pearl fire: Turtle carcasses wash ashore in Sri Lanka

  • Nearly a hundred carcasses of turtles with throat and shell damage, as well as a dozen of dead dolphins and a blue whale, have washed ashore in Sri Lanka since a container ship burned and sank, raising fears of a severe marine disaster.
  • Ecologists believe the deaths were directly caused by the fire and release of hazardous chemicals while the Singapore-flagged X-Press Pearl burned for 12 days and sank last week off Sri Lanka’s main port in the capital Colombo. Government officials, however, said these causes were “provisionally” confirmed and the investigation was continuing.

UNESCO: Great Barrier Reef should be listed as 'in danger'

  • The Great Barrier Reef should be put on a list of World Heritage Sites that are in danger due to damage caused by climate change, says UNESCO.
  • The UN’s cultural body says the world’s biggest coral reef system should be downgraded to the list at a meeting next month. It has urged Australia to take accelerated action on global warming. But, the Australian government said it would strongly oppose the recommendation.
  • The latest row is part of an ongoing dispute between Unesco and the Australian government over the status of the iconic site.

Iran’s Raisi backs nuclear talks, rules out meeting Biden

  • Iranian President-elect Ebrahim Raisi has backed talks between Iran and six world powers to revive a 2015 nuclear deal but he has rejected meeting U.S. President Joe Biden, even if Washington removed all sanctions.
  • In his first news conference since he was elected on Friday, Mr. Raisi said his foreign policy priority would be improving ties with Iran’s Gulf Arab neighbors, while calling on Iran’s regional rival Saudi Arabia to immediately halt its intervention in Yemen. The 60-year old leader who will take over from Hassan Rouhani on August 3 said he supports the negotiations that guarantee Iran’s national interests.

UK joins US, EU, Canada in fresh sanctions on Belarus

  • United States, European Union, Britain and Canada yesterday imposed fresh sanctions on Belarusian entities and officials, calling Alexander Lukashenko-led Government to end repressive practices against its own people.
  • In a joint statement, the partners said, they were united in their deep concern regarding the President Lukashenka regime’s continuing attacks on human rights, fundamental freedoms and international law.
  • The statement said, they had taken coordinated sanctions action in response to the last month’s forced landing of a commercial Ryanair flight between two EU member states and the politically motivated arrest of journalist Raman Pratasevich and his companion Sofia Sapega, as well as to the continuing attack on human rights and fundamental freedoms

EU, UK slap new sanctions on Myanmar individuals, entities related to coup

EU, UK slap new sanctions on Myanmar individuals, entities related to coup
  • European Union and United Kingdom yesterday slapped fresh sanctions on Myanmar state-owned entities and individuals over the military coup in February and the security crackdown that followed.
  • According to the statement, the 27-member European bloc imposed an asset freeze and a travel ban on eight Myanmar officials, among them the Home Affairs Minister responsible for the police force and slapped sanctions on three companies that are state-owned or controlled by the military. A fourth entity, the War Veterans Organization, was also hit by the measures. In total, EU sanctions now apply to 43 individuals and six entities.

Sports

Deepak Punia - Ranked No. 2 by United World Wrestling for Tokyo

  • With 32 days to go for Tokyo Olympic Games, Deepak Punia, ranked No. 2 by United World Wrestling for Tokyo.
  • Born on May 19, 1999 in Jhajjar, Haryana, Deepak has been seeded second by World Wrestling body for Olympics in the 86 kilogram category.
  • Deepak won a silver medal at the 2019 World Wrestling Championships in the freestyle 86 kilogram category and secured a place for Japan. Deepak’s father and grandfather competed in local dangals in Jhajjar town and he used to accompany them since he was four years old.

Awards and Honours

CEU awards its highest honour, the Open Society Prize, to K.K. Shailaja

  • The Central European University (CEU) Open Society Prize for 2021 has been awarded to KK Shailaja, the former Health Minister of Kerala.
  • Announcing the award, President and Rector of CEU, Michael Ignatieff said, “As minister of public health in the Indian state of Kerala, during the COVID-19 pandemic, KK Shailaja Teacher, demonstrated to the world that determined leadership, community based public health and effective communication can save lives. Shailaja Teacher’s example will inspire young women to enter public service. By awarding CEU’s highest award to Shailaja Teacher, the university honours a public servant and female leader for her commitment to public health services, the bedrock of every open society.”

Other Important Affairs

  • India and Fiji have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.
  • National Companies Law Tribunal (NCLT) on today approved the Jet Airways’ revival plan submitted by a consortium of London-based Kalrock Capital and UAE-based businessman Murari Lal Jalan.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will interact with participants of Toycathon-2021 on Thursday via video conferencing.