Current Affairs- 1st October

Science and Technology

ONGC Videsh begins exploratory drilling campaign in Bangladesh

ONGC Videsh begins exploratory drilling campaign in Bangladesh
  • ONGC Videsh Limited has started its first exploratory drilling campaign in Bangladesh for finding oil and gas. The first well, Kanchan 1 was spudded in block SS04 of the Maheshkhali island of the country on Wednesday. This exploratory well is planned to be drilled to a depth of 4200 meters. It will target two prospective formations. The exploratory drilling will be followed by drilling at two more exploratory locations, said an official press release.
  • ONGC Videsh Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC). It was awarded the drilling of tow offshore blocks SS 04 and SS 09 in Bangladesh during the bid round of 2012.


Chacha Chaudhary declared as mascot of Namami Gange Programme

  • The iconic Indian superhero – Chacha Chaudhary has been declared as the mascot of the Namami Gange Programme.
  • The decision was taken during the 37th Executive Committee meeting of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, NMCG.
  • As a step towards this NMCG has tied-up with Diamond Toons to develop and distribute comics, e-comics and animated videos.
  • The content will be designed with the objective of bringing about behavioral change amongst children towards Ganga and other rivers.
  • The total estimated budget for the project is two crore 26 lakh rupees.

Science and Technology

Anurag Thakur launches month-long Clean India Programme at Prayagraj

  • Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting ,Youth Affairs and Sports Anurag Thakur launched a month-long Clean India Programme from Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh today as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. The aim of the cleanliness drive is to create awareness, mobilize people and ensure their involvement in cleaning waste mainly Single Use Plastic waste throughout the country.
  • On this occasion, Mr Thakur said that youths have the power of transformation of country. He said, youths had played very important role in freedom movement of the country and they will also do the same in Clean India Mission. This campaign will continue till 31st October.

PM Modi launches Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0, here today. Union Ministers Hardeep Singh Puri, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Prahlad Singh Patel, Shri Kaushal Kishore, Bishweswar Tudu, Ministers from states, Mayors and Chairpersons of Urban Local Bodies and Municipal Commissioners were present on the occasion.
  • Speaking on the occasion, the Prime Minister said In 2014, the countrymen took a pledge to make India open defecation free – ODF and they fulfilled this pledge with the construction of more than 10 crore toilets.


India, US to set-up joint working group in defence industrial security

India, US to set-up joint working group in defence industrial security
  • North Korea tested a newly developed hypersonic missile today, state news media KCNA reported. South Korea’s military said that North Korea fired the missile towards the sea off its east coast. Pyongyang called on the United States and South Korea to scrap their “double standards” on weapons programmes to restart diplomatic talks. The development of the weapon system increases North Korea’s defence capabilities, KCNA said, describing the hypersonic missile as a “strategic weapon”.
  • It said the missile, called Hwasong-8, performed to its technical targets “including the guiding manoeuvrability and the gliding flight characteristics of the detached hypersonic gliding warhead.

India, Nepal hold JPMC meeting

India, Nepal hold JPMC meeting
  • India and Nepal held the Joint Project Monitoring Committee (JPMC) meeting on post-earthquake reconstruction projects in the Himalayan nation.
  • During the meeting in Kathmandu, a comprehensive review of the progress of the Indian government-assisted post-earthquake reconstruction projects in housing, education, health and cultural heritage sectors in Nepal was carried out.
  • In a statement, Indian Embassy in Kathmandu said, both sides expressed satisfaction with the successful completion of 50,000 houses in Gorkha and Nuwakot districts of Nepal, constructed under the government of India’s assistance in the Housing sector.

India, Australia agree to conclude Free Trade Agreement by end of 2022

India, Australia agree to conclude Free Trade Agreement by end of 2022
  • India and Australia have agreed to conclude the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the two nations by the end of 2022. The announcement was made at the end of a meeting between Union Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal and his Australian counterpart Don Tehan yesterday.
  • Hailing the development as a big day for the economic partnership between the two countries, Australian Trade Minister Tehan said, the two sides agreed on a roadmap towards finalizing the FTA after yesterday’s discussion. Speaking to the media, Mr Tehan affirmed the 2022 deadline for the conclusion of the FTA.

US, UK condemn Ethiopia's decision to expel seven senior UN officials

  • The US and the UK are the latest nations to condemn Ethiopia’s decision to expel seven senior United Nations officials, amid growing international condemnation.
  • Ethiopia accuses the UN of meddling in the country’s internal affairs, which the UN denies.
  • Washington has said it condemns in the strongest possible terms, the expulsion of the UN officials, who include the heads of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN Ocha) and the head of the UN Children’s Fund (Unicef) in Ethiopia


International Day of Older Persons: 1st October

  • Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry will organise Vayo Naman Programme in the honour of senior citizens on the occasion of the International Day of Older Persons in New Delhi today.
  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu will be the chief guest of the programme and will confer the Vayosheshtra Samman awards. The Vice President will also dedicate the Elderly Help Line 14567 to the Nation and launch the Senior Able Citizens Reemployment in Dignity (SACRED) and Senior Care Ageing Growth Engine (SAGE) Portals on this occasion.


Smriti Mandhana becomes 1st Indian women to score a Test hundred on Australian soil

Smriti Mandhana becomes 1st Indian women to score a Test hundred on Australian soil
  • In a historic moment in women’s cricket, Smriti Mandhana became first Indian woman to score a Test hundred on Australian soil.
  • Continuing her masterclass batting streak this morning, she completed her century to shape up India’s first innings on the second day of the first pink-ball day and night One-off Test match being played between India and Australia women at the Carrara Oval in Queensland, Australia today. She scored 127 runs with 22 fours and a six.
  • The first pink-ball day and night Test match between India and Australian women team at the Carrara Oval in Queenslandon, Australia on 30th September.

Other Important Affairs

  • Air Marshal B.R. Krishna today assumed charge of Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC).
  • North Korea said, it test-fired a new anti-aircraft missile yesterday, its fourth weapons test in under a month. The latest test comes days after North Korea launched a new hypersonic missile which is believed to have nuclear capabilities.
  • No foreign TV channel was available on the Cable network in Bangladesh on Friday as the Cable operators have stopped carrying foreign TV channels in compliance with the government decision not to allow foreign channels with advertisements in them.
  • Every year, International Coffee Day is observed on October 1, to celebrate and promote the use of coffee.
  • Padmaja Chunduru has been appointed as the managing director and chief executive officer (MD & CEO) of National Securities Depositories (NSDL). She has replaced GV Nageswara Rao as the MD & CEO of NSDL.