Current Affairs-19thOctober

Science and Technology

Earth Sciences Minister Dr Jitendra Singh launches Air Quality Early Warning System

  • Earth Sciences Minister Dr Jitendra Singh has launched Air Quality Early Warning System on the occasion of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav week.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Singh said that the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology has developed a new Decision Support System and extended the ability of the existing air quality early warning system to have decision-making capability for air quality management.

He said, Air warning System integrated with the Decision Support System will become a user-friendly tool for air-quality management in and around Delhi

North Korea fires ballistic missile into waters off the coast of Japan

  • PicsNorth Korea has fired at least one ballistic missile into waters off the coast of Japan. South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff today said, one missile was launched from the port of Sinpo, in the east of North Korea where Pyongyang usually bases its submarines. It landed in the East Sea, also known as the Sea of Japan. It comes as South Korea, Japan and US Intelligence Chiefs reportedly meet in Seoul to discuss North Korea.
  • In recent weeks, Pyongyang has embarked on a flurry of tests of what it claims to be hypersonic and long-range cruise missiles and anti-aircraft weapons. North Korea is specifically prohibited by the United Nations from testing ballistic missiles as well as nuclear weapons.


Minister Rajeev Chandrasekhar addresses CII's 'Future Tech 2021' event

  • Minister of State for Electronics and IT Rajeev Chandrasekhar today said that the post COVID era provides a very different opportunity framework and India looks forward to seizing this opportunity by fostering a close partnership between the Government and the Private sector. He said, the government expects to be partners with the Private Sector in areas not just limited to soliciting business but even in areas of future technology development.
  • The Minister said this during his inaugural address at the International Conference and Exhibition on Digital technologies – “Future Tech 2021” organized by the CII.

India to host 'Gen Next' leaders from 75 democratic countries

  • Chairman of Indian Council for Cultural Relations ICCR Dr Vinay Sahasrabuddhe has said that as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, India will host young leaders from 75 democracies under the initiative Gen-Next Democratic Network.
  • Briefing media in New Delhi yesterday, Dr Sahasrabuddhe said, young leaders below the age of 35 from the ruling party, opposition party and other key parties are being invited and the first batch will include leaders from Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Japan, Indonesia, Chile and Zambia.


Indian Army wins gold medal at Cambrian Patrol Exercise in UK

  • The Indian Army won a Gold Medal at the Cambrian Patrol Exercise held in the UK while competing against 96 teams representing special forces and regiments from around the world.

The Gorkha Rifles Frontier Force represented the Indian Army at the drill held at Brecon, Wales. The event is considered the ultimate test of human endurance and team spirit and is considered the Olympics of Military Patrolling. The Indian Army team performed well in harsh terrain and inclement weather. These conditions added to the challenges of simulated situations to assess the reaction of the teams in a combat setting

India, US, UAE and Israel discuss range of issues during virtual meeting

  • External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar termed his first meeting with the Foreign Ministers of the US, UAE and Israel as fruitful. In a tweet, Dr Jaishankar said, the Ministers discussed working together on economic growth and global issues and agreed on expeditious follow-up. Dr. Jaishankar’s remarks came after the Minister along with his Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid joined a virtual meeting with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed.
  • US Department of State Spokesperson Ned Price informed during the meeting, the Ministers discussed a range of issues including climate change, energy cooperation maritime security, and expanding economic and political cooperation in the respective regions.

Ecuador declares state of emergency over crime wave

  • Ecuador, the South American country, has declared a state of emergency over crime wave. Ecuador’s President Guillermo Lasso announced a 60-day state of emergency yesterday amidst a rise in violent drug crimes.
  • The announcement came on the eve of a visit by US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. The two leaders will discuss questions of security, defence and trade. The South American country is grappling with a surge in violent crime and deadly prison riots. The government has pointed to drug trafficking and consumption as the underlying problem.

India, UK hold inaugural maritime dialogue

  • India and UK held their inaugural maritime dialogue in a virtual format as agreed in the India-UK Roadmap 2030 for future relations.
  • The India-UK Roadmap 2030 was adopted at the Virtual Summit between the two Prime Ministers in May this year.

The consultations were led by the two Foreign Ministries. They involved exchanges on cooperation in the maritime domain, Indo-Pacific and regional and multilateral cooperation

China denies testing hypersonic nuclear missile

  • China says it has tested a hypersonic space vehicle in July and denied the media report of testing a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile. A leading British newspaper had reported on Sunday that China tested a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile in August that circled the globe before speeding towards its target, demonstrating an advanced space capability that caught US intelligence by surprise.
  • Meanwhile, the United States has accused China of deviating from its minimal nuclear deterrence strategy reacting to the report that Beijing had recently tested a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile.

Awards and Honours

Indian agri-waste recycling project wins Prince William's Earthshot Prize

  • New Delhi-based 17-year-old entrepreneur Vidyut Mohan is among the five global winners for the inaugural ‘Earthshot Prize’, also known as the ‘Eco-Oscars’, that honours people trying to save the planet.
  • Vidyut has been awarded in the Clean our Air category, for his technology called ‘Takachar’, a small and portable device that uses crop residue to convert it into bio-products like fuel and fertilisers to reduce smoke emissions and combat air pollution.
  • Each of the five winners will receive £1 million for their project.

Other Important Affairs

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) approved the re-appointment of Amitabh Chaudhry as Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of private lender Axis Bank for a period of three years.
  • The Government of Sri Lanka has sought a USD 500 million credit line from India to pay for its crude oil purchases, as the country is facing a severe foreign exchange crisis in the island nation after the pandemic hit the nation’s earnings from tourism and remittances.
  • China has successfully launched its 1st solar exploration satellite into space from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in northern Shanxi Province aboard a Long March-2D rocket. The satellite was named as ‘Xihe’ (Xihe is the goddess of the sun who created the calendar in ancient Chinese mythology), also known as the Chinese Hα Solar Explorer (CHASE).
  • The J&K government on Monday signed an MoU with Dubai government. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed for real estate development, industrial parks, IT towers, multi-purpose towers, logistics, medical college, super-speciality hospitals.